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Class Notes for Archaeology at Simon Fraser University

ARCH 131 Lecture 7: Week 7 (10292018)
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Week 7 (10292018) - FINAL December 11, 2018 10:14 PM Types of Non-Human Primate Societies Most primates are really large groups, and variability Solitary living: groups limited to no more than two adults and their offsprin...

Archaeology
ARCH 131
Dennis Sandgathe
ARCH 131 Lecture 2: Week 2 (9172018)
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Week 2 (9172018) Friday, October 19, 2018 11:25 AM Unit 2: Evolution and Natural Selection 2.1 History of Evolutionary Theory Many other sciences were developing at this time Major discoveries in the 1700s in the natural w...

Archaeology
ARCH 131
Dennis Sandgathe
ARCH 131 Lecture 8: Week 8
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Week 8 December 11, 2018 10:19 PM Unit 7: Emergence of the Genus Homo Homo habilis 2.8-1.5 mya Mainly East Africa, maybe South Africa Small bodied Lineage same time as Paranthropus type fossilHolotype: first fossil for pos...

Archaeology
ARCH 131
Dennis Sandgathe
ARCH 131 Lecture 4: Week 4 (1012018)
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Week 4 (1012018) Monday, October 22, 2018 12:11 AM Unit 4: Primates 4.1 Primate Characteristics Biological Anthropology; understanding human evolution Why do Physical Anthropologists Study Primates? i. We are primates, stu...

Archaeology
ARCH 131
Dennis Sandgathe
ARCH 131 Lecture 10: Week 10
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Week 10 December 11, 2018 10:19 PM Unit 11: Homo (sapiens) and neanderthalensis Evolved from Europe of heidelbergensis Lots of Neanderthal discoveries 1890s-1930s intentional burials Earliest Neanderthals: dated 250kya in ...

Archaeology
ARCH 131
Dennis Sandgathe
ARCH 131 Lecture 9: Week 9
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Week 9 December 11, 2018 10:19 PM Unit 9: Homo erectusergaster Ergaster appeared in Africa 2mya > Europe > Asia Lumpers vs. Splitters researchers Lumpers: people who tend to break things up into smaller number of subgroups...

Archaeology
ARCH 131
Dennis Sandgathe
ARCH 131 Lecture 3: Week 3 9242018
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Week 3 9242018 Sunday, October 21, 2018 11:48 PM Cont. 3.1 Monohybrid: crossing 2 plants that differ in only one characteristic Dihybrid: crosses when the 2 parent organisms differ in 2 characteristics (e.x. SwYg + SwYg) M...

Archaeology
ARCH 131
Dennis Sandgathe
ARCH 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Maat, Pyramid Texts, Ramesses Ii

ARCH 100 Midterm 3 Lecture Notes Egypt The Nile o Unlike Mesopotamia, many natural resources near Nile River Everything/e...

Archaeology
ARCH 100
David Maxwell
ARCH 131 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Adaptation, Natural Selection

Study Question (Module 4) 1.Why would organisms lose obviously advantageous traits? For example, primates have a greatly reduced olfactory system compared to their ancient ancestors, even though a keen sense of smell is ...

Archaeology
ARCH 131
Sheri Fabian
ARCH 131 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Current History, Punctuated Equilibrium, Human Reproduction

Q. A major factor in the process of evolution is that organisms are, over time, faced with changes in their environments. Considering how much control we have over our environment (we grow our food, heat our homes, can cur...

Archaeology
ARCH 131
Sheri Fabian
ARCH 226 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Chaco Culture National Historical Park, Puebloan Peoples, Winter Solstice
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Film: Mysteries of Chaco Canyon. Thoughts on: The purpose of the construction of the Fajada Butte calendar. Fajada Butte has the amazing Sun Dagger. Using a spiral carved on the buttes rock to create the daggershaped light...

Archaeology
ARCH 226
David
ARCH 226 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Terracotta Army
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Assignment 3 Film: Chinas Terracotta Warriors Why do you think that the Emperor Qin went to such elaborate lengths to create the terracotta warriors only to have them buried with him? What was the point of such an exercise...

Archaeology
ARCH 226
David
ARCH 131 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Georges Cuvier, Thomas Henry Huxley, Hugh Falconer

080518 Lecture 1 Terminology: Physical Anthropology and Biological Anthropology are interchangeable. We can also call this field of study Human Origins. 4 Subfields of Anthropology: PhysicalBiological Anthropology the stud...

Archaeology
ARCH 131
Dennis Sandgathe
ARCH 131 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Encephalization, Color Vision, Stereopsis

4.1 PRIMATE CHARACTERISTICS Why do physical anthropoligists study primates? 1. Primates are our closest evolutionary Primates fall in the phylum chordata ( has spinal cord) , in the class mamalia ( covered with hair,) Meta...

Archaeology
ARCH 131
Dennis Sandgathe
ARCH 131 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Homo Habilis, Foramen Magnum, Phalanx Bone

Homo habilis seems to be the best candidate for the first stone tool makersince they both seem to appear about the same time in East Africa. If this species was the first to be manufacturing stone tools it would have been ...

Archaeology
ARCH 131
Dennis Sandgathe

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