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Biomedical Physio & Kines
BPK 140
Peter Ruben

Chapter three: Personal Stress Management RATs date ( may 15 ) th Key Terms Adaptive response: the body’s attempt to re-establish homeostasis or stability Adrenocroticotrophic hormone (ACTH): a hormone that is released by the pituitary gland which in turns triggers the adrenal glands to release cortisol, a hormone that helps to release nutrients the body has stored as energy Biofeedback: an alternative health care technique that uses machines to measure temperature or skin responses and internal physiological activities. Information is then shared with the subjects so that they can learn to control involuntary functions such as circulation, tension and heart rates. Cognitive-transactional model for stress and coping: a non-biological stress theory developed by Lazarus and folkman, that looks at the relationship between demands and the power to deal with them without unreasonable or destructive costs. Complicated grief: an intense and extended period of grief that is often linked to the loss or death of a family member, friend or acquaintance or partner relationship. Key characteristics include a sense of disbelief, anger, bitterness recurrent intrusive thoughts and intense yearning Cortiscol : a hormone that is released from the adrenal glands and helps to release nutrients the body has stored for energy Defence mechanisms: a psychological process that alleviates anxiety and eliminates mental conflict: includes denial, displacement, projection, rationalization, reaction formation and repression. Distress: a negative stress that may result in illness. Epinephrine: a hormone also know as adrenaline that is released from the adrenal glands and initiates an increase in bloods flow Eustress: a positive stress which stimulates a person to function properly General adaptation syndrome (GAS) : The sequenced physiological response to a stressful situation : consists of three stages : alarm , resistance, and exhaustion. Guided imagery: an approach to stress control, self healing or the motivation of life changes by means of visualizing oneself in the state of calmness wellness or change Homeostasis : the body’s natural state of balance or stability Hypothalamus: a section of the brain that acts as our control centre and reacts to stress hormones that have been released by the sympatric nervous system Mediation: the use of quiet sitting breathing techniques and or chanting to relax improves concentration and become attuned to one’s inner self. Mindfulness: a method of stress reduction that involves experiencing the physical and mental sensation of the present moment Parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) : one of two branches of the ANS that slows down other systems that are stimulated by the stress response . Main job of PNS is to restore homeostasis Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): the repeated reliving of a trauma through nightmares or recollection Progressive relaxation: a method of reducing muscle tension by contracting then relaxing certain areas of the body. Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI): a special science that focuses on the relationship between our brain’s response to stress and our immune system Stress: the non specific response of the body to any demands made upon it may be characterized by muscle tension and acute anxiety or may be a positive force for action Stressors: specific or non specific agents or situations that cause the stress response in a body Sympathetic nervous system (SNS) one branch of automatic nervous system that initiates the release of stress hormones which increase our heart rate and respiratory rate Techno stress: a modern disease that consists of a feeling of anx
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