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Kin140_Chapter 3 Stress Management.docx

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Simon Fraser University
Biomedical Physio & Kines
BPK 140
Diana Bedoya

Chapter 3 Stress Management Stress-the non-specific response of the body to any demand made upon it 5 Categories of Stressors Acute-time limited-anxiety provoking situations Brief naturalistic-a more serious challenge Stressful event sequences-difficult consequences of a natural disaster or traumatic sequences Chronic-ongoing demands caused by life-changing circumstances Distant-traumatic experiences that occurred long ago but continue to have emotional and psychological impact Distress vs. Eustress Distress-negative stress -too much stress can deplete energy or too little stress doesn’t promote positive growth Eustress-positive stress -right amount of stress which allows us to grow, adapt, create General Adaptation Syndrome-the body’s response to stress Our body tries to maintain homeostasis (a constant and consistent physiological state) When an event is stressful, it moves us away from homeostasis General Adaptation Syndrome is how the body tries to restore homeostasis after a positive or negative stress has shifted us away from it Acute and Chronic Effects of Stress Type A vs. Type B Personalities Type A: hardworking, aggressive, competitive Type B: relaxed, easy-going Types of Stressors Common to University Students • Student Stress • Breakup Stress • Financial Stress • Test Stress • Others (Discrimination, environmental, acts of terrorism, illness and disability, technostress, workplace) Defusing Test Stress • Get organized and take your time • Make notes work for you • Maintain a realistic perspective • Be positive • Study in 30-60 minute intervals • Organize a study group • Get enough sleep • Be satisfied with doing your best Defense Mechanisms: Poor ways to cope with stress All of these defense mechanisms deal with stress in the short term but typically do not address the underlying reason for it May promote mental health problems in the future Exercises which help reduce stress • Laughter-humor counters stress by focusing on comic aspects of difficult situations • Exercise-physical activity can relieve stress and boost energy by releasing endorphins (mood enhancing hormones) into the bloodstream • Spiritual coping-saying a prayer • Sublimation-redirection of unacceptable drives into socially acceptable ones • Journaling-putting feelings into words • Crying • Sharing with friends • Reframing-changing the way you interpret events •
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