CMNS 110 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Meta-Communication, Concatenation, Reflectance

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September 22 - Language and Culture
Corax
first political philosopher
St. Augustine
author of confessions
remembers when he learned language
“Magical Words”
Politeness “Please” and “Thank You”
Expletives (cursing)
Hate speech
Dysphemisms and Euphemisms
Politeness
-socializes people and takes an edge off of language
-Turks vs. Germans
-Turks stir up conversation before asking for favors whereas Germans go straight to the point
-Different cultures, different perspective on what is polite
Expletives
-Latin is associated within upper class. Curse words are considered not as rude because Latin is an “upper
class” language
-speech differences between classes ie) upper class uses “one” instead of “I”
D and E
-Euphemisms = to soften the language
-We use euphemisms because we are afraid of the strength of the direct word
-Dysphemisms = deliberately using a strong word
Call of Nature hypothesis and Gestural Origins hypothesis
Call of Nature = humans respond to nature when creating language
ex) when children are born, they randomly make noises which form into words
ex) grunts sound rhythmic, leads to a chant/song
ex) Sounds of the wind etc
“Words are the result of the formation of natural occurring sounds”
Gestural Origins =
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