CMNS 304W Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Hans-Georg Gadamer, Active Listening, Soil Horizon

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Week 5 Lecture
Martin Buber (1878-1965) wrote I and Thou
I Gea: Ih-Du/I-Thou s Ih-Es/I-You
[ould also e though of as I-You ou, as a peso ad I-it ou, as a ojet
I-Thou the ideal way to approach another in dialogue
I-You monologue, the mode of debate, and often of dissemination
Awareness of the difference between these two approaches reveals the problem of Passive
Listening.
Dia i dialogue eas to split though soethig. Thee’s a oesatio etee
people that crosses through us.
Carl Rogers (1902-1987). Client Centred (also called person-centred) psychotherapy.
Defied Atie Listeig as a solutio to the pole of passie listeig, i ode
psychological terms.
Active listening is paying attention to the emotion of how somebody is speaking as well.
Power, control, and individual choice are privileged through the discourses of therapy
and commerce.
You can listen to the content and or the process and or the effect of what happened. If
you can repl ith a tied eotio ad ealizatio of hat happeed the ou’e atiel
listening
Whe e’e passiel listeig e sa thigs like ut. It iplies that e’e ol
listening to further our own agenda
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Alert Eistei’s -1955) thought experiment
Relativity: Relative motion from different frames of reference
(Frame P): Pedestrian at the station sees the train and Einstein moving relative to pedestrian,
and sees the stone fall in a parabolic arc.
Hans Georg Gadamer (1900-2002) Fusion of horizons
A hoizo is eethig that a e see fo a idiidual’s stadpoit. Past peset
future
When two people listen to one another deeply they merge, or fuse, their invidividual
and separate horizons. This is a new, shared experience.
Whe listeig deepl, oe’s attetio eoes foused o the othe to the poit that
oe’s self aaeess dop aa. Oe is thus said to eoe I-less i a fusio of
horizons.
When one interprets a text, one can have a fusion of horizons with the author of the text:
I hua elatios the ipotat thig is, as e hae see, to epeiee the Thou tul
as a thou- I,e ot to oelook his lai ut to let hi eall sa soethig to us… Opeess
does not exist only for the personw ho speaks; rather, anyone who listens is
fudaetall ope. – (H.G. Gadamer, Truth & Method, p 361)
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