CMNS 304W Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Anne Applebaum, Thomas Szasz, Pzl P.11

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Week 10 Lecture
Critical Theory of Therapeutic Discourse
Therapeutic discourse frames undesired behavior as a medical problem
The etal health sste’s futio is to ork as a for of soial otrol
Many institutions in everyday life have the same kind of organizational structure as
prisons
Therapeutic language tends to place the responsibility for managing socially-caused
problems on the individual
Thomas Szasz (1920-) The Myth of Metal Illess idetifies to geeal types of etal
illess
1. The essetial helplessess of hildre…ad help giig atiit of the paret…ad
2. The internal conflicts caused by the teachings and practices of religions
Correction can be forced physically or psychologically
The things that other people do makes them jerks ut the’re the sae eat thigs e
do to protect ourselves.
Anne Applebaum (b. 1964), Gulag: A History (2003), Gulag : A History (2003)
From the Soviet Psychiatric System, they used the following terms to describe people who went
against the Go’t:
“luggish “hizophreia
Creepig “hizophreia
These diagnoses could be used to have anyone locked up in a prison hospital for politically-
related behaviors that were considered to challenged Soviet authority.
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Michel Foucault (1926 1984) Discipline and Punish (Surveiller et Punir) 1975 A eooy
of suspeded ights. P.
Punishment aimed equally at the guilty and potentially guilty (p.108)
The art of distributions (p141)
The institution in which the young women were sent to do labor was to institutionalize
them to have a work ethic
The ethods of puishet shifted fro ostraits ad priatios to oligatios ad
prohiitios to a eoo of suspeded rights
The aim was to control the body but also hinder the psychological function
1. Enclosure
2. Partitioning
3. Rule of Functional Sites (where you make productive use of space)
4. Rank
Foucault, Discipline and Punish
Control of Activity (p.149):
1. Timetable of activity
2. Temporal (in time) elaboration of act (p. 151)
3. Correlation of body and gesture (p. 152)
4. Body-object articulation (ex; rifle is made to fit the arm, the arm is trained to use their
rifle) (p. 152)
5. Exhaustive use (p. 154)
Group Coordination Requires (Foucault believed you have to train the group)
1. That the individual becomes a movable part
2. Time coordination of parts
3. Precise system of command,
4. Integration
5. Examination
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Document Summary

1964), gulag: a history (2003), gulag : a history (2003) From the soviet psychiatric system, they used the following terms to describe people who went against the go(cid:448)"t: (cid:862) luggish (cid:272)hizophre(cid:374)ia(cid:863, (cid:862)creepi(cid:374)g (cid:272)hizophre(cid:374)ia(cid:863) These diagnoses could be used to have anyone locked up in a prison hospital for politically- related behaviors that were considered to challenged soviet authority. Group coordination requires (foucault believed you have to train the group: that the individual becomes a movable part, time coordination of parts, precise system of command, integration, examination. This is similar to the triangle model or content > process > effect. In criminology prison is made on the common features of discipline and punishment. The prison no longer exists for people to be punished but to be rehabilitated and regulated. Applyi(cid:374)g althusse(cid:396)"s (cid:374)otio(cid:374)s of ideologic & repressive state apparatuses to therapeutic discourse: the culture of knowledge and power described by foucault depends on discourses that combine ideology and repression.

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