CMNS 304W Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Citizen Kane, Tabula Rasa

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Framing
Citizen Kane: Deep/pan focus
2001: Technology, change in paradigm
Frenzy: Tracking from the building to the street
Triumph of The Will: Camera moving and editing, syntax manipulation, a docuetary
CNN Broadcast on Flight to Afghanistan: Two different paradigms at the same time
Dove Evolution: Irony between what they are promoting and their advertisement
Drive: Police radio and baseball game radio
Speech Acts
Locutionary Act the act of utterance
o Speaking
Illocutionary Act the function one has in mind that causes them to speak
o Promising, reporting, asking
Perlocutionary Act the intended/desired result of the speech act
o Intimidating, threatening, deceiving
Joh Searles Fie Perforatie Fuctios of Speech Acts:
1. Declarations
o Change things by virtue of their being uttered
Words change the world S causes X
2. Representatives
o State what the speaker believes to be the case
Make words fit the world S believes X
3. Expressives
o State what the speaker feels (psychological states of pleasure, pain, likes, dislikes, joy or
sorrow)
Make words fit the world S feels X
4. Directives
o Get others to do something
Make the world fit words S wants X
5. Commissives
o Speakers use to commit to some future action
Make the world fit words S intends X
Coherence Rational, consistent
Type, pattern
Cohesion Glue
Framing to tie patterns together
John Locke (English philosopher, empiricist, 1632 1704)
Claimed that the mind begins as a blank slate (tabula rasa), and all our sense impressions are
recorded as the basis for all human knowledge
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Document Summary

Locutionary act the act of utterance: speaking. Illocutionary act the function one has in mind that causes them to speak: promising, reporting, asking, perlocutionary act the intended/desired result of the speech act. Cohesion (cid:858)glue(cid:859: framing to tie patterns together. John locke (english philosopher, empiricist, 1632 1704: claimed that the mind begins as a blank slate (tabula rasa), and all our sense impressions are recorded as the basis for all human knowledge. David hume (scottish philosopher/economist, 1711 1776: argued that we understand the world through the application of empiricism. In critique of pure reason, argues that our sense impressions are supplemented by something a kind of knowledge that is prior to experience, called knowledge a priori. A frame as a paradox (according to bateson, 184): Robin clair (prof of communication, purdue univ. : six discursive frames from sociology (based on a. giddens), accepting the dominant interests, simple misunderstanding, reification, trivialization, denotative hesitancy, public/private expression public/private domain.

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