CMNS 304W Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Noam Chomsky, Basque Language, Phatic Expression

96 views13 pages
CMNS 304W Lecture 2
Page 1 of 13
Communication and Discourse
Language is between 10,000 and 100,000 years old.
Some of the oldest existing languages:
Greek (1400 BCE),
the Chinese family of languages (1300 BCE),
Hebrew (1200 BCE),
Euskera (Basque),
Tamil (>300 BCE).
Modern English is approximately 500 years old. The earliest dictionary in
English was published in 1604.
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 13 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
CMNS 304W Lecture 2
Page 2 of 13
Gossip is a “text” that:
Disparages the absent other,
and/or
Glorifies oneself vicariously, or by association with an absent
other.
According to Benedict Carey of the NY Times (“Have your heard?
Gossip turns out to serve a purpose” NYT, 16 August 2005):
Long-term studies of Pacific Islanders, American middle-school children and residents of rural
Newfoundland and Mexico, among others, have confirmed that the content and the frequency of gossip are
universal: people devote anywhere from one-fifth to two-thirds of their daily conversation to gossip.
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 13 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
CMNS 304W Lecture 2
Page 3 of 13
Gossip works to police social relations and define the conditions for group
membership.
There are in-groups and out-groups.
Groups and social networks are fluid.
Groups and social networks create, maintain, and change memories.
Groups and social networks indoctrinate people into the social customs
of their particular groups:
o Gossip at work
o Gossip at school
o Gossip at home
o Gossip at one’s place of religious community life
Gossip influences people’s worldviews.
Gossip reflects and reinforces social conventions.
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 13 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Language is between 10,000 and 100,000 years old. Greek (1400 bce): the chinese family of languages (1300 bce), English was published in 1604: hebrew (1200 bce), euskera (basque), tamil (>300 bce). Gossip is a text that: disparages the absent other, and/or other, glorifies oneself vicariously, or by association with an absent. Gossip turns out to serve a purpose nyt, 16 august 2005): Long-term studies of pacific islanders, american middle-school children and residents of rural. Newfoundland and mexico, among others, have confirmed that the content and the frequency of gossip are universal: people devote anywhere from one-fifth to two-thirds of their daily conversation to gossip. Cmns 304w lecture 2 of the constitutive factors [dimensions] of communication: Roman jakobson"s model of the functions of communication: He was too old to be of assistance. Language operates automatically as a biological endowment (language and problems of knowledge, p 45).

Get access

Grade+20% OFF
$8 USD/m$10 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Grade+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
40 Verified Answers
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Class+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
30 Verified Answers