CMNS 304W Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Paralanguage, Afzal Guru, In Step

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Notes for mid-term 03/24/2016
Week 6
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๎€Ifwe are formed in language, then that formative power precedes and
conditions any decision we might make about it, insulting us from the start,
as it were, by its prior power.
๎€Perluctionary has its consequences.
๎€What iflanguage has within it its own possibilities for violence and for
world-shattering? For Scarry, the body is not only anterior to language, but
she argues persua- sively that the body's pain is inexpressible in language,
that pain shat- ters language, and that language can counter pain even as it
cannot cap- ture it. โ€“ in pain language us harmed
๎€"she thinks of language partly as a system, partly as a living thing
over which one has control, but mostly as agency-as an act with
consequences.
๎€Yet it is as agency that it is thought;
a figural substitution makes the thinking of the agency of language possible.
Because this very formulation is offered in language, the "agency"
oflanguage is not only the theme ofthe formulation, but its
very action. This positing as well as this figuring appear to exemplify '7 the
agency at issue.
๎€We do things with language, produce effects with language, and we do
things to language, but language is also the thing that we do. Language is a
name for our doing: both "what" we do (the name for the action that we
characteristically perform) and that which we effect, the act and its
consequences. โ€“when we think something we think it in a particular
language and therefore, wedo language hen we think in any language that
makes our thoughts develop.
๎€Implicit in the notion of a threat is that what is spoken in language
may prefigure what the body might do; the act referred to in the threat is
the act that one might actually perform. But this view fails to take into
account that speaking is itselfa bodily act. โ€“ body language relationship.
๎€To claim, on the other hand, that some utterances are always
offensive, regardless ofcontext, that they carry their contexts with them in
ways that are too difficult to shed, is still not to offer a way to understand
how context is invoked and restaged at the moment ofutterance.
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๎€one may, as it were, meet that socially constituted selfby surprise,
with alarm or pleasure, even with shock. And such an encounter underscores
the way in which the name wields a linguistic power of constitution in ways
that are indifferent to the one who bears the name.
๎€The example ofreligion thus assumes the status ofa paradigm for
thinking ideology as such: the authority of the "voice" of ideology, the
"voice" of interpellation, is figured as a voice almost impossible to refuse.
๎€t is the name that one attributes to a com-
plex strategical situation in a particular society" (my emphasis). It is the
name that one attributes to a complexity which is not easily named.
Power does not arrive in the form ofa name; its structures and its insti-
tutions are not such that the name seems perfecdy suited to whatever
power is. A name tends to fix, to freeze, to delimit, to render substan-
tial, indeed, it appears to recall a metaphysics ofsubstance, ofdiscrete
and singular kinds ofbeings; a name is not the same as an undifferenti-
ated temporal process or the complex convergence ofrdations that go
under the rubric of"a situation:'
๎€
๎€week 1:
๎€sign vehicles.- for conveying information
๎€you can not get any evidence that why does the person behaves this
way
๎€a person wants to control the reactions of others towards them.
๎€Impressions given depends on the situations as well
๎€Information game: where others try to gain information about the
visitors through observations.
๎€The person and the others where the person is trying to make
expressions both play a passive role according to the situation by Initiating
actions to the individual.
๎€Harmony: is not important.
๎€When a person feels ashamed the conversation breaks down like in a
presentation- gutti presentation
๎€Preventive practices. โ€“ defensive practices to avoid embarrassment
๎€Week 3:
๎€Syntax that gives the words the power to relate to each other In
sequence.
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