CMNS 304W Lecture Notes - Basque Language, Phatic Expression, Semiotics

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Communications 304 Lecture
Language
- A cultural phenomena
- 10,000 100,000 years old
- Different kinds of languages
- Some of them we are still familiar with today have been around for a long period of time
- We can learn a lot about culture because language and culture intersect
- Greek (1400 BCE)
- Chinese Family (1300 BCE)
- Hebrew (1200 BCE)
- Euskera (Basques), Taml (>300 BCE)
- Languages tell a lot about things 1000s of years ago, but they also tell us a lot about things
today
- How they differ tell us important things about everyday life
Myth
- Eskimos have … words for “snow”
Consider English (500 years old vs. Hebrew)
- “In-law”: reflects privileges and the legal role of marriage as definition of family
relationships Common Law (which comes from King Henry II in the 12th Century)
- Term Frame (the way we look at things through a frame)
- First assignment is explore notion of frame
- How can the notions of framework be assigned to our course
- How can we use words in a way to make us seem a certain way
- “In Law” in Hebrew is Mechutenet = mother of one’s spouse
Neutrality
- There is no neutral language. Everything has some sort of frame around it (or some
expression is a frame around some other idea)
- Language can be a site of negotiated meaning
Negotiated Meaning
- Content
- How does the process of languages frame/mark things that have hidden significance in EDL
- Gossip does one or both of the following:
o Disparages the absent other
o Glorifies oneself vicariously, or by association with an absent other
o (Shift between the private and the public)
- Gossip works to POLICE SOCIAL RELATIONS AND DEFINTE THE CONDITIONS FOR GROUP
MEMBERSHIP
- We construct in-groups [based on glorification] and out groups [based on the disparaging of
absent others]
o Groups/networks are fluid
o They create/maintain/change memories
o They indoctrinate people into the social customs of particular group (e.g. gossip at
work, school, church)
o These factors of gossip influence people’s ethical world views
Semiotics: science of signs and systems and how they construct meaning
Ferdinand de Saussure: model of signifier/signified
- E.g. Stop Sign = stop
- Communication is more complex than simple transmission
- Speech-in-context reveals a relationship between the medium and this outcome
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Document Summary

Some of them we are still familiar with today have been around for a long period of time. We can learn a lot about culture because language and culture intersect. Languages tell a lot about things 1000s of years ago, but they also tell us a lot about things today. How they differ tell us important things about everyday life. In-law : reflects privileges and the legal role of marriage as definition of family relationships common law (which comes from king henry ii in the 12th century) Term frame (the way we look at things through a frame) How can the notions of framework be assigned to our course. How can we use words in a way to make us seem a certain way. In law in hebrew is mechutenet = mother of one"s spouse. Everything has some sort of frame around it (or some expression is a frame around some other idea)

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