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CMNS 130 (104)
Lecture 4

Fall 2012 CMNS 130 Reading Questions Week 4.docx

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Simon Fraser University
CMNS 130
Kathleen Cross

CMNS 130 Reading Questions Week 4 Mass Communication in Canada (Gasher, Skinner and Lorimer) 1. What was the essence of enlightenment?  Intellectual approach based on a scientific rational perspective on the world  Fundamental shift in world view that championed science of religion and justice over abuse of power  Social contract that specified individual rights and freedoms over the absolutist rule of kings and popes 2. How are the mass media connected to Enlightenment values?  Dissemination of humanist ideas was facilitated by the technologies of writing and printing (allowed individuals to develop and record their ideas and communicate them in a manner understandable by many)  Printing encouraged the spread of literacy and thirst for ideas  Ideas rejected by the ruling elite in one regime could be exported into others  Making the Bible more accessible undermined the power of the church  Counter-revolution: severe control of printing to limit the dissemination of humanistic ideas  Secular literacy, musical and artistic works that were appreciated by the viewer for their visions and understandings of the world  The printing press informed citizens on matters both important and trivial  Printers were among the first groups of capitalists  printed new sheets, pamphlets, and books to sell to booksellers and the public  Established struggle between those in power and a world view that supported other perspectives and understandings 3. How might the modern media be seen as a cultural form inherent to industrial society?  Industrial production demanded a different temporal division of the day so that a different distinction arose between work and leisure time  Modern communications media took form in this context  Media developed ‘specialized means’ to close the geographical and social distances created by industrial production and to serve new social interest and needs o Press developed for political and economic information o Photograph developed for community, family and personal life o Motion picture developed for curiosity and information o Telegraphy and telephony developed for business information and some important personal messages 4. What are some of the ways in which the federal government has played a central role in developing both the Canadian economy and the Canadian media?  Newspapers often received financial support from government patronage or direct party subsidies  Freedom of the press from government interference is an important political ideal  1879 Canada’s first National Policy to create east-west economy o building of transactional railway  reliable line of transportation for people and goods across the
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