16 may 2012
SHORT writing assignment will be posted next week
When did popular music begin?
Medieval period 700 -1400
Aristocratic 1400- 1800
Bourguois / capitalist 1800
Music was split as sacred and secular.
The church has a strong influence of musical culture.
“What music best pleases God?” –
1700-1800 , theologist/ philosopher decide that the best kind of music is no music,
just singing. Like a chain
Western music begins with media (Medium)
Notation is used to record music. Only till 15 century, notation is used as
Jongleur : didn’t have the formal training any musicians will have in church. Self-
taught. Beginning of folk music.
Characteristics that define both the music and musician
1) Jongleur was music. Music cannot be separate from the mind and the person.
“As j went, so did music”
2) Music was not just a form of entertainment but it is also to convey
information. A distinct way of communication. She was singing news and
other towns that people can reach and listen to.
Music production consumption was governed by the popular church.
Era of aristocratic musical culture (1400- 1800): cities begin to develop. Villages –
JS bach 1685-1750
Opera develop in 16 century
Symphony: u need musicians, pay musicians Only the course of aristocracy that
orchestra had money to perform the music.
1789: beginning of French revolution. This time (18 century) musician begins to go
out of just performing. Advertising their music, etc Music began to democratize as it began to modify.
1) early career
2) working for joseph II
3) contrast of artiocrastic and burguois
18 century – 19 century type of music : orchestra, burgouis type.
superstructure vs base
Why did musical culture enter into public sphere? Economy is changing. Musical
culture is influenced by politic and economic.
Italy thinks music is pro