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Lecture 5

Crime 101 week 5 in class note.docx

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Simon Fraser University
CRIM 101
Adrienne Peters

Crime 101 week 5 in class note -Underlying Assumptions  Nothing unique about criminal behaviour, and that motivation to engage in such behaviour is quite widespread.  Ask why more individuals don’t commit crimes  Notion underlying all types control theory is that conformity cannot be taken for granted  If you want conformity and social control, you need effective socialization  If people don’t learn/internalize social conventions or norms, then social controls will break down or become ineffective -Walter reckless containment theory  Inner containment = part of psychological makeup; e.g, self control, good self image, ability to tolerate frustration  Outer containment = factors in the social environment; eg Family relations (External factors)  Internal pushes = restlessness, impatience and anger  External pulls = poverty, unemployment, the media, or delinquent friends -Travis Hirschi's social bond theory  Attachment = ties of affection and respect, with parents, school teachers  Commitment = getting good education, learning trade or profession, finding a good job  Involvement = being involved in school, in recreation, with family  Belief = shared values - its wrong to steal, people should respect the law -Gottfredson and Hirschi's general theory of crime  Low self control as the cause of crime  Tied in with Classical School's "hedonistic calculus."  Agree with opportunity theory or routine activities theory The cause of crime:  Crime is caused by low self control  Low self-control is caused by ineffective or incomplete socialization and ineffective childrearing The cure for crime:  Adequate childrearing  Caregiver must monitor the child's behaviour, recognize deviant behavior when it occurs, and punish such behavior -Sampson and laub's life course perspective  Social control theory that again talks about weakened and social bonds and the informal social controls exerted on the individual by the family, the school, and by employers or fellow workers -No single factor  Life course perspective differs from many other criminological theories  No single factor that sets an individual on lifelong pathway to crime  Crime and deviance is NOT stable over the life course -Trajectories & Transitions  Trajectories = life pathways that people are traveling on, and the direction in which their lives are going  Transitions = turning points, like special life events that may change the trajectories, eg marriage, or getting a job -Social disorganisation theory  Shaw and Mckay (1942), Chicago Areas were disadvantaged, run down, had high rates of population turnover, were racially  and ethnically diverse  Relationships less likely to develop leading to little informal social control -Rational Cho
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