CRIM 101 Lecture Notes - Feminist Theory, Paternalism

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Published on 21 Apr 2013
Department
Course
Crim 101, week 10 tutorial
Gender issues
Females are more likely than males to be designated as the perpetrators in official reports
of child mal treatment and neglect
Not necessarily because the females were the actual perpetrators, but because the cultural
and societal views hold mothers responsible for the welfare of their child
Mothers sometimes cited as maltreaters in official reports of child sexual abuse, because
it is assumed that mothers have responsibility for protecting child
The “problem” with psychological theories
Psychological experience of family violence tend to overlook or minimize the onfluence
of social and structural factors
Individual experience- offender is usually stereotyped as “mentally disturbed”, as a “sick
person”
Victim usually portrayed as innocent and defenseless
Only 10% of incidents are “caused by mental illness”
Feminist theory
Becoming dominant experience of violence toward women
Known for “praxis” and “advocacy”- actually attempts to resolve problem of violence
toward women
Points out the structured gender inequality is primary cause of violence towards women
And its weaknesses…
Uses one variable- patriarchy- to explain violence toward women (limited scope)
While it helps to explain violence toward women, it has not proven to be helpful in
explaining child abuse, elderly abuse, violence by women
Paternalism
Notion that women have to be protected by men, because they are incapable of
protecting themselves
Generates independence for males, dependence for females and their dependence upon
males to do things for them
Chivalry
Old fashioned notion that men should do things for women
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Document Summary

Females are more likely than males to be designated as the perpetrators in official reports of child mal treatment and neglect. Not necessarily because the females were the actual perpetrators, but because the cultural and societal views hold mothers responsible for the welfare of their child. Mothers sometimes cited as maltreaters in official reports of child sexual abuse, because it is assumed that mothers have responsibility for protecting child. Psychological experience of family violence tend to overlook or minimize the onfluence of social and structural factors. Individual experience- offender is usually stereotyped as mentally disturbed , as a sick person . Victim usually portrayed as innocent and defenseless. Only 10% of incidents are caused by mental illness . Becoming dominant experience of violence toward women. Known for praxis and advocacy - actually attempts to resolve problem of violence toward women. Points out the structured gender inequality is primary cause of violence towards women.

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