CRIM 101 Lecture Notes - Gartner

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Published on 21 Apr 2013
School
Simon Fraser University
Department
Criminology
Course
CRIM 101
Page:
of 1
Crim 101, week 11 tutorial
Employment as a “symbolic resource”
Primary significance of employment is “symbolic”- it concerns the relative status of
husbands and wives
Especially true in relationships structured on male authority and female dependence
Spousal violence used to dominate and control women in marital relationships
Interpersonal conflict
About 12% of entire sample (largest group experiencing violence)
Moderately likely to be pushed, shoved, slapped
Violence arises out of interpersonal conflicts
Occasional outburst, more randomly distributed in terms of age, income,
employment/unemployment status
Non-systematic abuse
About 3% of sample(smaller group)
Highly likely to be pushed, shoved, slapped
Likely to have been threatened, had something thrown at them
Relatively low likelihood of being beaten, choked, forced to have sex
Systematic abuse
About 1% of sample (smallest group experiencing violence)
“likely to have experienced multiple forms of violence”
Close to 100% have been threatened, pushed, hit, kicked
Around 75% beaten or chocked
About 25% physically attacked
Patriarchal terrorism
Macmillan and Gartner say that those subjected to systematic abuse are victims of
“patriarchal terrorism”
Type of “patriarchal social control” that is prime subject of feminist works
Gelles argued that feminism uses one variable- patriarchy- to explain violence toward
women( limited scope)

Document Summary

Primary significance of employment is symbolic - it concerns the relative status of husbands and wives. Especially true in relationships structured on male authority and female dependence. Spousal violence used to dominate and control women in marital relationships. About 12% of entire sample (largest group experiencing violence) Moderately likely to be pushed, shoved, slapped. Occasional outburst, more randomly distributed in terms of age, income, employment/unemployment status. Highly likely to be pushed, shoved, slapped. Likely to have been threatened, had something thrown at them. Relatively low likelihood of being beaten, choked, forced to have sex. About 1% of sample (smallest group experiencing violence) Likely to have experienced multiple forms of violence . Close to 100% have been threatened, pushed, hit, kicked. Macmillan and gartner say that those subjected to systematic abuse are victims of. Type of patriarchal social control that is prime subject of feminist works.