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CRIM 101 (459)


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CRIM 101
Barry Cartwright

CHAPTER 8 NOTESTHE FAMILY AND THE HOUSEHOLD THE FAMILY AND THE HOUSEHOLDSacco and Kennedy define the family as any relatively enduring pattern of social relationships around which domestic life is organizedbroad enough to include commonlaw and samesex relationshipsSacco and Kennedy define the household as the social and physical setting in which family life is organizedTHE CHANGING PROFILE OF THE FAMILYaccording to 2001 census figures 41 of couples had no children living at home with them compared with 38 a decade earlier and 34 two decades earliercan be explained by increases in life expectancy declining birth rate more couples choosing to have or delaying having childrenfewer couples choosing to marry more choosing to live in commonlaw relationshipsproportion of children living in traditional family with married parents has decreased substantially while proportion living with commonlaw parents has increased even more substantiallyHOME ALONEProportion of single person households increased from 20 to over 25 between 19812001living alone has become more common for seniors including those over age of 85 with fewer living in health care facilitiesOR STAYING HOMEMore adults between the ages of 20 and 24 living at home with their parentsdue to declining rates of marriage break up of common law relationships difficulties in securing employment and pursuit of higher educationFAMILY INSTABILITYProbability of separation or divorce has increased substantiallyprobability of individuals entering into second or third relationship has increased substantiallymore stepfamilies with increasing number of family members having to adapt to step parents step brothers or sisters of half brothers or sistersTHE PRECURSORS TO FAMILY VIOLENCEthe family is a social setting that provides many opportunities for conflict ie conflict over money conflict between genders and generations conflict over who has the power and authority to make decisions and demand respectfamily life tends to be regarded as private life friends neighbors and even the police may be reluctant to interferefamilies and households are often hierarchical or egalitarian in natureparents have more power than children and in traditional families husbands have more power than wivesuse and abuse of physical discipline or force has historically been more widely
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