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CRIM 101 (448)

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Simon Fraser University
CRIM 101
Barry Cartwright

CRIMINOLOGY 101-TERM PAPERASSIGNMENT GENERAL GROUND RULES o 1,000-1,2000 words (4-5 typewritten pages, not including cover page and references cited page). o Due in lecture in week 11. o Worth 20 percent of your grade for the course. o Two point per day penalty for late submissions. TERM PAPER TOPIC WE'RE NOT FINISHED YET TERM PAPER TOPIC TWO TERM PAPER TOPIC THREE TERM PAPER STRUCTURE o Should have cover page with the name of the course, your name o Should have a "references cited" page at the end PARAGRAPHS o If the length of a paragraph is more than one typewritten page o Aim for around 5-6 paragraphs HOW MANY WORDS IS 1,000 WORDS? o Try to adhere as closely as possible o We do not usually count pages or words o A page longer than required will not normally result in a penalty o Half a page shorter than required will not normally result in a penalty REFERENCES CITED PAGE o Every paper must have a References Cited section o References must be listed o Titles of books and journals must be italicized or underlined o Do not italicize or underline REFERENCES CITED: IN-TEXT REFERENCING According to Fishbein (1990, 2009, p. 40), the term "criminality" includes victimless acts. The age-old nature versus nurture debate has pitted hereditarians on one side against environmentalists on the other (Fishbein, 1990, 2009, p. 37). RESEARCHING CRIMINAL EVENTS SEVERALAPPROACHES THE UCRAND THE GSS o Official crime rates o Criminologists also look DIRECT OBSERVATION DIRECT OBSERVATION cont. o Not necessarily the most efficient manner o Criminal events occur o Criminals spend a lot of their time THE SECRET LIVES OF CRIMINALS o Criminal behaviour o Criminals go out of their way SOME OTHER DILEMMAS o If researchers succeed in observing criminal behaviour o Researchers may end up being victims themselves o What happens if they’re seen by the offenders EXPERIMENTING ON HUMANS o Issues of “informed consent” o If you encourage subjects to break the law EXPERIMENTS IN ELECTRICITY SOME PROBLEMS WITH THE UCR o Many incidents of crime go undetected, or unreported o Some incidents that are reported may not show up in the UCR THE DARK FIGURE OF RECORDING,ACT II, Scene 33 o Wide variations in reporting practices o Professionalism and degree of organization OTHER COMPLICATING FACTORS THE CRIME FUNNEL o Describes attrition rate o For most crimes known to the police o Arrest usually does not lead THE CRIME FUNNEL cont. THE CENTRAL CITY PHENOMENON o Crime rates reported in city centres may not accurately reflect o Census MetropolitanAreas or CMAs often have a number of suburbs o People from suburbs travel to city cen
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