Class Notes (835,384)
Canada (509,147)
Criminology (2,185)
CRIM 101 (452)
Lecture

Crim 101 - lecture notes week 8.docx

3 Pages
127 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Criminology
Course
CRIM 101
Professor
Adrienne Peters
Semester
Fall

Description
BRIEF REFRESHER • Precursors – circumstances that lead up to criminal event • Transactions – what, where, when and who was involved • Aftermath – how do victims/ offenders respond? How does general public react to  crime? What are actual costs of crime? ANALYZING COSTS OF CRIME •  Real  costs of crime can be difficult to measure accurately • Direct financial losses (money or property stolen) are easiest to evaluate • How do you place value on pain cause by minor injury or by fear of further  victimization VICTIMS OF VIOLENCE • According to GSS, 25% of all violent incidents resulted in some form of physical  injury • Only about 10% of victims of violence sought medical care ROBBERY • 35% of robbery victims reported difficulties in carrying out their main activities • 39% said they were affected for period of between two days and a week • 16&said their main activities had been disrupted over two weeks HOUSEHOLD VICTIMIZATION • 63% of all reported losses were less than $500 per incident • 42% were less than $100 after victims received compensation from insurance  company THEFT OF PERSONAL PROPERTY • 42% involved out­of­pocket expenses of less than hundred dollars ROUGHT ESTIMATES • Annual cost of crime in Canada estimated to be around $31 billion  Per capita cost of $943 per year • $14 billion direct cost by victims • $15 billion spent on operation of criminal justice system INTANGIBLE COSTS • “Pain and suffering” and “lost of life” also add to cost of crime • “Intangible costs” of crime = $68.2 billion • ~2/3 of $99 billion total cost of crime EMOTIONAL & BEHAVIORAL CONSEQUENCES • GSS reports that overwhelming majority of people in Canada (93%) feel safe  from crime • Majority of Canadians (64%) feel their neighborhood is safer than other  neighborhoods REACTIONS TO VIOLENT CRIME • 32% angry • 26% not much • 18% fearful • 9% more cautious and aware VULNERABILITY CONVERSION • Some individuals may go through process known as vulnerability conversion • Feel they are more susceptible to dangers of life than they thought • Being victim of serious (especially “random”) crime can cause people to re­ evaluate • Victims may feel weak and helpless, and even start to blame themselves • Having home broken into is tantamount to invasion of privacy • May suffer additional distress if personal possessions to which they are  emotionally attached are stolen or damaged AVOIDANCE BEHAVIORS • Steps people take to distance themselves from situations they perceive to be  dangerous • Moving to new neighborhood, or staying away from downtown core, especially at  night (avoiding potential offenders) DEFENSIVE BEHAVIO
More Less

Related notes for CRIM 101

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit