INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINOLOGY
Week 7: Psychological and Psychiatric Foundations of Criminal Behaviour
• Behavioural conditioning
• Personality disturbances
• not necessarily inherited
• Biological + psychological urges mediated through consciousness.
• genetics plays a role
• first step is to medicate them
A.Criminal behavior as maladaptive:
This means something is wrong with the criminal.
Crime is adaptive means something is with the individual that they use crime as a tool.
• The Psychoanalytic Perspective
• Personality Types and Crime
• The Link Between Frustration andAggression
• The Psychotic Offender
• The Psychopath
• Antisocial Personality Disorder Fundamental Assumptions
1. The individual is the problem
2. Psychological perspective says personality is the major factor.
3. Crime causes dysfunctional or abnormal mental processes in a person
4. functional, means it fulfills a need like for example a mom that steals diapers for baby
a. addresses needs
b. “inappropriate” compared to the definitions of “normal”
5. Normality is defined by society’s consensus
a. society together agrees on what is good or bad
6. Defective or abnormal, mental processes may have a variety of cuases
a. a diseased mind
b. inappropriate learning
• Superego: Ethics, morality, and the difference between right or wrong is considered in the mind before
committing a crime
• Ego: Is it realistic?
• ID: Primitive area of a person’s mind and they do it for pleasure
• Sublimation: a portion of our consciousness is substituted for another
o ex. kid grows up watching his father beat his mom and he moves out and beats his wife or he
gets tough and beats other guys to substitute them for his dad
• Thantos: Death Wish
o purposely want to get caught because they feel guilty about something and wants society to
• Neurosis: Functional disorders
o someone who steals stuff they don’t need because they have a preexisting form of that
Personality Types and Crime
a. most likely to be criminal
a. irrational, shy, moody
Psychotic offender • Suffering from a psychosis.
• Out of touch with reality.
• Schizophrenic: out of touch with reality and suffer from disjointed thinking
• Paranoid schizophrenic: delusions and hallucinations
Problems with Personality Traits
o can’t measure the behavior without appealing to the behavior
• Is it an explanation or description?
• host of characteristics: indicators
• Abnormal EGG
• vary with age, gender, and socioeconomic status: rich people do crime because of greed or because they
• Psychopath doesn’t equal criminal
Problems with Psychopathy
• Double dipping
• Why is it a single construct when there are 2 dimensions?
• Snakes in suits
o Prison population prevalence vs boardroom prevalence
Antisocial Personality Disorder
• APD doesn’t equal Psychopathy o unsocial and frequent contact with the criminal justice system
• person struggles functioning in social structure in a normativ