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Chapter 5 crim 101 notes

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CRIM 101
Jay H

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Chapter 5Know the video On testRational deterrenceSOCIALTIESANDCONFORMITYSocial learning social controlMotivational theories assume that the desire or propensity to offend separates offenders from nonoffendersBiological theoriesHowever critics suggest that it is more about the ability or the willingness to act on this desireInformalsocialcontrolsCasual methods of coercion to conformStrong ties to parents make effective parent monitoring and supervision of juvenile activity possible Alarid Burton Culleh 2000 Gottfredson Hirschi 1990Relationships with people who support and promote values of conformity teacher parents peerswill do anything to satisfy them dont want to disappoint themReiss 1951 and Nye 1958 early advocates of the application of problems of crime and delinquencyContainmenttheoryfounded by Walter Reckless in 1967many factors that can pull or push someone into crimeinner containments socialization and good selfconceptfriends family selfMultiple choice testouter containment primary groups set standard for behaviour religionTheoryofbondMUSTKNOWFORTESTfounded by Travis Hirschi on 1969criminal tendency is linked to weakness of the social bond connecting the individual to the conforming societycloser the relationship with others less likely to commit crimethe bond to conformist society has 4 distinct bonds1attachmentfamily friends community2beliefhonesty morality fairness patriotism responsibility3involvementschool activities sport teams social clubs religious clubs4commitmentfamily career success future goalsGeneraltheoryofcrimeMUSTKNOWFORTESTfounded by Gottfredson and hirschiHirschi proposes that this applies to all crimesCriminal activity appeal to people who are1Impulsive2Shortsighted3Physical4Risktaking5Nonverbal 6Low selfcontrol Due to ineffective child rearingParents with low selfcontrol are likely to produce children with low selfcontrol Jones Cauffman Piquero 2007 Nofziger 2009 before we learned that we are born as clean slate the following theories state that we are born bad we have to control ourselves low selfcontrol more likely to commit crimePowercontroltheory
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