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1395305867_532__Criminology%252B104-Lecture%252B10%252Boutline (1).doc

9 Pages

Course Code
CRIM 104
Barry Cartwright

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LABELING THEORY SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM cont. THE DEVELOPMENT OF IDENTITY Labeling theory connected to symbolic interactionism Symbolic interactionists felt that favourable and unfavourable responses THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF MEANING Events can have different meanings for different people Meaning and the conception of “self” THE SOCIALCONTEXT Labeling theory Growing concerns about racial discrimination Emergence of diversion programs Concern about the label juvenile delinquent FRANK TANNENBAUM  “The dramatization of evil” As a consequence, child might change own self-image An arrest means the delinquent is singled out EDWIN LEMERT PRIMARY DEVIANCE SECONDARY DEVIANCE WAYWARD PURITANS • Erikson starts Wayward Puritans with discussion of Durkheim’s views • “Deviance is not a property that is inherent” in a type of behaviour COMMUNITY BOUNDARIES • Erikson points out that not all deviant acts • Declaring that individuals or groups are deviant CONFRONTING THE DEVIL • Confrontations between “agents of control” and “deviant offenders” • Include sanity hearings (mental illness), excommunication (heresy) THE QUAKERS • Trials in Puritan community in Massachusetts • Puritans took strong dislike to the Quakers HARMFULTO YOUR HEALTH st • 1 ondence • 2 offence • 3 offence • 4 offence THE WITCH TRIALS • King of England • Witch trials started later • Erikson says Puritan colony had lost its sense of purpose • In a period of one year THE NORMAL AND THE PATHOLOGICAL Part II    Durkheim says that all criminologists  Specifically mentions Raffaele Garofalo  Durkheim observes that “crime is present…in all societies of all types”  Crime is “an integral part of all healthy societies”   A SOCIETY OF 
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