week 10, november 20, crim 104, + movie.docx

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1955? Cohen, book, subcultural theory, illegitimate opportutnity structures, delinquent boys and
gangs same time period during the movie
walter reckless containment theory. Uncontrolled youth, inner containment, frustration (outer -
parents) external pull delinquent friends.
Cloward ohlen’s work.
stealing guns from parents. Skipping out of school.
WEEK TEN-CONFLICT CRIMINOLOGY
nov 20, lecture 9
KARL MARX
- Still most widely cited political philosopher in social sciences as recently as the 1980’s
- Wrote Das Capital and The Communist Manisfesto
- Influential in worker’s movements and ideas re: socialism and communism
1843 Started writing, Jeweish Question, then Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy, criticized gov’t’s
favorite philosopher, church too. Also critical of German system. List goes on. <- not imp
WHO MARX INFLUENCED
- Simmel, Bonger, Vold, Turk, Chambliss, Quinney, Platt, Taylor, Walton, Young
Michel Foucault
THE SOCIAL CONTEXT
¡ For Marx, it was the time of the Industrial Revolution
¡ Expropriation and/or dispossession through eviction and enclosure
¡ Steam engines, cotton jenny, rolling mills, blast furnaces replacing skilled labour
¡ All resulted in impoverished working class surplus labour pool
- Factories like prisons; workers like prisoners
The Life Story of Karl Marx
¡ Marx couldn’t get university position because of his criticism of Hegel
¡ Expelled from France at the urging of the Prussian government
¡ Spent most of his life destitute supported by Engels
¡ Died in England , rather than in home country of Germany
THINGS TO THINK ABOUT
¡ Is Marx’s work a body of predictions or a theory?
¡ What would Marx think about the so-called communist countries?
¡ If he didn’t write much about crime, why did he have such great influence on criminology
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and the sociology of law? Is his work body of prediction or theory? He tried to free human, not
slavery.
DIALECTICAL PAIRS
- Positive - Negative
- Attraction -Repulsion
- Inside -Outside
- Up -down
- Light -Dark
- Good -Evil
- God -The devil
DIALECTICAL/HISTORICAL MATERIALISM cont.
- Slave owners -Slaves
- Landlords -Serfs
- Capitalists -Workers
1.Dialectical pairs-polar opposites
2.Depend upon each other for their existence
3.Contradictory (opposing) interests
4.Class struggle leads to change in socio-economic forms
THE HISTORICAL MATERIALISM PYRAMID
Ideology
The social superstructure
the relations of production
the forces of production
the mode of production
BASIC POSITION OF MARXIST THOUGHT
¡ “Capitalism is an exploitative and alienating social order “State serves the interests of the
ruling class”.
¡ “State serves the interests of the ruling class”
¡ The laws are a “mystifying” force, masking the exploitative nature of capitalism
TYPES OF MARXIST THOUGHT
¡ INSTRUMENTAL
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