CRIM 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Folk Devil, Moral Panic, Labeling Theory

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Criminology: the scientific study of crime, relatively recent development (became established in canada mid-20 th century, interdisciplinary in nature since it draws in sociology, psychology, biology, law, geography and economics. Criminologists: study the criminalization process, which often begins with the process of stigmatization. Stigmatization: refers to the manner in which individuals or groups who do not conform or play by society"s rules come to be regarded as deviants or social outcasts or folk devils. British government reclassified skunk cannabis as class b drug shows how a previously overlooked behaviour can become stigmatized/criminalized. Media often play a role in the stigmatization process by drawing public and political attention to the individuals or groups and trying to stereotype them as enemies of the society and portraying them as enemies of society. Occurs when individual or group engages in disapproved behaviour. Results from the social reaction to primary deviance. Individuals/groups may be able to rationalize the behaviour.

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