CRIM 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Edwin Sutherland, Social Learning Theory, Juvenile Delinquency

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SOCIAL CONTEXT OF CHICAGO SCHOOL
-cities grew at rapid rate during half of 1800s
-population increased rapidly due to immigrants, displaced farm workers and blacks
-jobs were not ready for the population increase so people had long hours, low wages and lived
in slums
-the progressive movement that rejected social Darwinism’s notion that the poor were
biologically inferior
-claimed people were poor because of social environment
-argued that the American dream did not reach the ghetto
CHICAGO SCHOOL OF CRIMINOLOGY
-also known as Ecological School
-saw city as a natural human environment
-gave rise to:
-Thomas and Znaniecki’s social disorganization theory
-Cooley, Thomas and Mead’s symbolic interactionism
-Park & Burgess’ concentric zone theory
-Edwin Sutherland’s differential association theory
-Aker’s social learning theory
THE POLISH PEASANT IN EUROPE AND AMERICA
-book by W.I. Thomas and Znanieck
-examined letters, diaries and personal documents of polish peasants who had immigrated to
American cities
-concluded that social disorganization happens in all society during periods of rapid social
change
-came up with the term social disorganization
THE JACK ROLLER
-book by Clifford Shaw
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