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Lecture 2

CRIM 203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Industrial Revolution, Feudalism, Criminology

5 pages101 viewsSpring 2016

Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRIM 203
Professor
Sarah Yercich
Lecture
2

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Karl Marx and Marxism
- Capitalism, Class Conflict, and Crime
Emile Durkheim
- Industrialization and Crime
Where the piees’ fit
- Links to historical case analysis
Industrialization: Societal context
Research was conducted in an effort to:
- Construct a rational society
- Out of the ruins of a traditional one
Sociologists saw themselves providing a rational, scientific analysis of the monumental social
changes that were occurring.
Karl Marx: 1818 1883
Writings in the context of
- The industrial revolution (1760- 1840)
Tried to explain
- Why industrialization occurred
- Why the rapid social changes occurred
- And make some sense of what was coming next
Mar’s theories liked eooi deelopet to:
- Social
- Political
- And historical change
Did not deal with the problem of crime in any significant way
Karl Marx
******Principal focus: *******
- The conflict between the material forces of production
o “oiet’s apait to produe:
o Material,
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o Goods,
o And knowledge.
- And the social relations of production
o Relationship to & distribution of goods
Industrial revolution
- Massive social changes
o Inc. social relations of productions
Shift: feudalism -> to capitalism
- Material forces of production would develop
- Societal relations would remain relatively fixed
o Become a hindrance to development
o Leading to socialism replacing capitalism
- Contradiction of capitalism
o Two conflicting groups
The powerful -> becomes smaller and richer
Bourgeois
The powerless -> keeps getting larger and poorer
Supply of labour exceeds demand for labour
o Referred to as proletariats
- Cycles of over- production and depression
- Leads to inevitable restructuring
- Feudalism -> Capitalism -> Socialism
Crime and Law
Not a criminologist
2 passages in his work addressed crime:
- 1) Essential to human nature that people are:
o Productive in life and work
o Through industrialization and capitalism
Creatio of e lass: Lupeproletariat or deoralized people
Unproductive and demoralized
o Subject to vices and crime
- 2) Law based on conflict v. consensus
Crime is:
- concentrated in the lower classes
- Law criminalizes the greed of the poor
- Allows legal opportunities for the rich to pursue their selfish desires
- Powerful = law makers
- Powerless = law breakers
o The Priitie Reellio Thesis
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