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Lecture 2

CRIM 203 Lecture 2: Crim 203 l2

5 Pages
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Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRIM 203
Professor
Sarah Yercich

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Karl Marx and Marxism
- Capitalism, Class Conflict, and Crime
Emile Durkheim
- Industrialization and Crime
Where the piees’ fit
- Links to historical case analysis
Industrialization: Societal context
Research was conducted in an effort to:
- Construct a rational society
- Out of the ruins of a traditional one
Sociologists saw themselves providing a rational, scientific analysis of the monumental social
changes that were occurring.
Karl Marx: 1818 1883
Writings in the context of
- The industrial revolution (1760- 1840)
Tried to explain
- Why industrialization occurred
- Why the rapid social changes occurred
- And make some sense of what was coming next
Mar’s theories liked eooi deelopet to:
- Social
- Political
- And historical change
Did not deal with the problem of crime in any significant way
Karl Marx
******Principal focus: *******
- The conflict between the material forces of production
o “oiet’s apait to produe:
o Material,
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o Goods,
o And knowledge.
- And the social relations of production
o Relationship to & distribution of goods
Industrial revolution
- Massive social changes
o Inc. social relations of productions
Shift: feudalism -> to capitalism
- Material forces of production would develop
- Societal relations would remain relatively fixed
o Become a hindrance to development
o Leading to socialism replacing capitalism
- Contradiction of capitalism
o Two conflicting groups
The powerful -> becomes smaller and richer
Bourgeois
The powerless -> keeps getting larger and poorer
Supply of labour exceeds demand for labour
o Referred to as proletariats
- Cycles of over- production and depression
- Leads to inevitable restructuring
- Feudalism -> Capitalism -> Socialism
Crime and Law
Not a criminologist
2 passages in his work addressed crime:
- 1) Essential to human nature that people are:
o Productive in life and work
o Through industrialization and capitalism
Creatio of e lass: Lupeproletariat or deoralized people
Unproductive and demoralized
o Subject to vices and crime
- 2) Law based on conflict v. consensus
Crime is:
- concentrated in the lower classes
- Law criminalizes the greed of the poor
- Allows legal opportunities for the rich to pursue their selfish desires
- Powerful = law makers
- Powerless = law breakers
o The Priitie Reellio Thesis
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Description
find more resources at oneclass.com Karl Marx and Marxism - Capitalism, Class Conflict, and Crime Emile Durkheim - Industrialization and Crime Where the pie▯es’ fit - Links to historical case analysis Industrialization: Societal context Research was conducted in an effort to: - Construct a rational society - Out of the ruins of a traditional one Sociologists saw themselves providing a rational, scientific analysis of the monumental social changes that were occurring. Karl Marx: 1818 – 1883 Writings in the context of - The industrial revolution (1760- 1840) Tried to explain - Why industrialization occurred - Why the rapid social changes occurred - And make some sense of what was coming next Mar▯’s theories li▯ked e▯o▯o▯i▯ de▯elop▯e▯t to: - Social - Political - And historical change Did not deal with the problem of crime in any significant way Karl Marx ******Principal focus: ******* - The conflict between the material forces of production o “o▯iet▯’s ▯apa▯it▯ to produ▯e: o Material, find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com o Goods, o And knowledge. - And the social relations of production o Relationship to & distribution of goods Industrial revolution - Massive social changes o Inc. social relations of productions Shift: feudalism -> to capitalism - Material forces of production would develop - Societal relations would remain relatively fixed o Become a hindrance to development o Leading to socialism replacing capitalism - Contradiction of capitalism o Two conflicting groups  The powerful -> becomes smaller and richer  Bourgeois  The powerless -> keeps getting larger and poorer  Supply of labour exceeds demand for labour o Referred to as proletariats - Cycles of over- production and depression - Leads to inevitable restructuring - Feudalism -> Capitalism -> Socialism Crime and Law Not a criminologist 2 passages in his work addressed crime: - 1) Essential to human nature that people are: o Productive in life and work o Through industrialization and capitalism  Creatio▯ of ▯e▯ ▯lass: Lu▯pe▯proletariat or ▯de▯oralized people▯  Unproductive and demoralized o Subject to vices and crime - 2) Law based on conflict v. consensus Crime is: - concentrated in the lower classes - Law criminalizes the greed of the poor - Allows legal opportunities for the rich to pursue their selfish desires - Powerful = law makers - Powerless = law breakers o The ▯Pri▯iti▯e Re▯ellio▯ Thesis▯ find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com  Unconscious rebellions against the legal structure Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) - A natural and inevitable human condition - Not associated with crime - Unless there is also a breakdown of social norms Breakdo▯▯ of so▯ial ▯or▯s a▯d asso▯iated ▯hu▯ger▯: - Anomie o Normlessness o The breakdown of values - Anomie occurs: o Rapid social changes and modernization o His theories were a reaction to the classical assumptions that humans were free and rational in a contractual society Division of labour in society All societies are in the process of the development from: - The ▯ore pri▯iti▯e ▯▯e▯ha▯i▯al▯ for▯ of so▯iet▯ o Solidarity an
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