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Lecture 5

Crim 241 Notes week 5 feb 20 .docx

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CRIM 241
Melissa Roberts

February 20 Lecture Notes Attributes of Modern Prisons -prisons have to deal with conflicting goals -punishment vs. rehabilitation -prisons are political and public institutions -no party wins by being “light on crime” -prisons are total institutions -Goffman (1961) -”a place of residence and work where a large number of like-situated people, cut off from wider society for an appreciable period of time, together lead an enclosed, formerly administered round of life” Mountain Institution -April, 2008 -40-50 inmates “took control” of the medium security facility for 7 hours -death of two inmates -staff used escape route -IERT team diffused the situation -blamed on: -freedom of movement (however prisoners were actually severely restricted) -freely available instruments that could be used as weapons -overcrowding, under-staffing and under-training (Dosanjh, 2008) -proposed changes -tighter security and partitioning of violent and sexual offences Challenges of operating prisons -legislation and policy -managing staff -overcrowding -crime rate decreasing -prison population increasing (due to remand) -facilitating rehabilitation -inmate gangs -inmate safety -HIV/AIDS and infectious diseases -prevention strategies -condoms, bleach kits? -interdiction strategies -dogs, scanners Private Prisons -highly popular in the USA -multibillionaire industry -experimented in Canada (Ontario) -contracted private company (MTCC) to operate the Central North Correctional Centre (CNCC-max security) -compared to provincially run CECC -terminated in 2007 -MTCC saved the province money in operating costs -CNCC had higher rates of re-offending Effectiveness of Prisons****** not testable -do prisons work at reducing re-offending? -looking at the rates it cant be considered a success -do prisons work at rehabilitating offenders? -dependent on prisoner Institutional Hierarchy -warden -uniformed staff -CX1, CX2, CX3 (increasing levels of power in the system) -IERT (emergency response team) -IMC -plain clothes staff -program facilitators -parole officers Correctional Officers -play a pivotal role in prisons -constant/most contact with prisoners -”dynamic security” -key part of efforts to rehabilitate -authority -legal -moral -four main roles ************** -security and surveillance
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