Class Notes (808,123)
Canada (493,084)
Criminology (2,095)
CRIM 300W (51)

Crim 300W oct 1.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Simon Fraser University
Charmaine Perkins

October 1 Lecture Notes Routine Activities Theory: influence of social ecology and social disorganization -overview of social ecology and the Chicago’s School’s contribution=Social disorganization -environmental criminology -focus on geographic place, spatial patterns -routine activities theory -policy implications Social ecology and social disorganization -historical overview: Chicago School, social ecology, concentric zone theory (Park and Burgess) -adopted/adapted by Shaw and McKay: Social Disorganization theory (macro theory) -focus: geographic and spatial distribution of crimes rates +social problems vs. criminality of individuals (units of analysis in neighbourhoods, cities, states, countries Social disorganization theory -key indicators (Shaw + McKay) -transience/residential mobility -poverty (unemployment, econ deprivation -pop heterogeneity -SFT: lack of community cohesion, limited social control, high crime areas, high rates of offending (transmission of offending, traditions passed onto youth SDT -crime/deviance occurs in the absence of community effort to prevent it: breakdown of informal controls -focus: on the criminogenic nature of the environment (which produces crime/deviance) vs. the individual (micro-focus) Social Disorganization theory -re-emergence in the 80s-elaboration of early work by Park and Burgess and Shaw and McKay -key concepts: “collective efficacy” the ability of community members to trust and assist each other informal controls -other factors: family disruption, lack of community supervision of youth, types of friendship networks, participation in community groups SDT: theoretical explansion -Bursik and Grasmick (1993) “systematic reformulation of SD” and types of control -3 types -private -parochial -public Limitations/Critique -focus on aggregate vs. individual factors -why do all disadvantaged youth not commit crime -why do others who are not economically n disadvantaged -what other factors crime contribute to crime/criminality Environmental crim -environmental criminologists view crime as “a product of interactions between people, places, sites and situations, and the environmental surroundings are important in understanding criminal event -focus: criminal event vs. previous predisposition -geographic profiling, spatial pattern, mapping kim rossmo Environmenal crime -pattern theory of crime: Braninghams -crime=“offender opportunity interaction in the course of daily routines + triggering event set against the “environmental backcloth” -nodes: where people travel to and from -paths: between places -edges: boundaries -activity nodes: personal places -target selection templat
More Less

Related notes for CRIM 300W

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.