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Lecture

Crim 300W sept 17.docx

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Department
Criminology
Course
CRIM 300W
Professor
Charmaine Perkins
Semester
Fall

Description
September 17 Lecture Notes Integration -definition: combination of 2 or more pre-existing theories into a separate new theory that provides greater explanatory power/prediction than the previous theories -ought to share common theoretical ground=meaningful assumptions -involves more than simply combining any 2 or 3 theories: more involved and complex process Integration: Questions and Challenges -Are these truly “new” theories- what is being added to our understanding of crime/criminality? (muddying the waters”) -are they accounting for more variances of crime?- empirical validity and testing -when we account for more, there should be increased validity -do we need to “whittle down” the number of theories we have? -do we need different theories for different crimes? -do these theories tell us enough about new crimes? -Ex. cyber crime -identity theft Falsification -a theory is dismissed/disproved based on empirical evidence theory’s propositions/explanations are discounted -contemporary examples: -research on red wine and health -autism/vaccination link Theoretical Competition -not a popular position: based on being oppositional/conflict -each theory pits itself vs. others how it differs and is not compatible with others (position against integration) -the separation of theories are distinct from each other -aim is to develop its own strengths and weaknesses -note: not seen as helpful, does little for theoretical growth and explaining variance Trend -need to improve empirical validityvs. single factor focus and bias of a purely sociological approach Theoretical growth/development -theoretical elaboration: focusing on 1 theory and developing that theory’s concepts and propositions to produce a more comprehensive theory -inter/multidisciplinary integration: borrowing from other disciplines -interdisciplinary integration: combining different theories Types of integration -propositional integration: 3 types -1: end to end integration: sequential, temporal ordering -first theory is the secondary cause of deviance, 2 proceeding theory is primary cause -2: side by side integration: horizontal, parallel -co-existing theories that explain the same phenomenon and make up each other’s weaknesses -3: up and down integration: a) theoretical reduction and b) theoretical synthesis -A: B is subsumed in A. A is more general, B is more specific -A: form of theoretical imperialism -B: take theory A and B to create an entirely new theory Other Types of Integration -conceptual integration: concepts and explanatory variables are absorbed into the more general theory “conceptual absorption” -multilevel analysis: micro and macro -risk factor paradigm Critiques and challenges of integration -”theoretical mush”” complex explanati
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