Class Notes (809,279)
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Criminology (2,101)
CRIM 300W (51)
Jay H (14)
Lecture 4

Week 4 Lecture - Neo-Classical School

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Simon Fraser University
Jay H

SECTION II – MODERN APPLICATIONS OF THE CLASSICAL PERSPECTIVE Rebirth of the Deterrence Theory  Resurgence in the late 1960s o Try to explain why people commit crime o stressed  deterrence  certainty/severity of punishments o studies measured  certainty/severity (ratio of crimes reported to arrests)  effects of capital punishment/deterrence on crime  Some studies say deterrence works very well, some say otherwise  Three main types of studies – cross sectional studies, longitudinal studies, experiential effect o Flaws in early studies  Used macro level data (ie. logical consistency)  Deterrence theory = individual  Micro/individual level o Cross sectional studies  Issues with temporal ordering  X (perceptions)  Y (behaviors) X (behaviors)  Y (perceptions)  Look at a specific area  Green = specific age group  Look within the green group to see if it is effective o Ages 6-10 = yes it is effective o Age 16-30 = not much of an effect o Age 31-45 = yes there is an effect o Longitudinal studies  Design  Repeated measures  Often over long periods of time (eg. Months, years)  Instead of taking a certain age groups, we look at the entire thing (entire graph is a green box)  Certain crimes are more deterrent than other crimes  Deter from petty crimes, drinking crimes, etc but there are crimes that you just can’t deter  Some factors that previously deterred me from crime, may actually be the reason why I committed the crime  Findings from longitudinal studies  Experiential effect o Behavior influences perceptions o Previous experience highly influences expectations of getting caught again  Official sanction haves limitations on deterrence o Being arrested not a deterrent from some  Offending – decreased perception of certain punishment  Some people don’t fear incarceration (often a step up from current situation)  Flaws in longitudinal designs  Almost impossible to measure changing attitudes o Perceptions vary – day to day o Perceptions vary – developmental stage  Have repeated measure/variables but not repeated measures/variables for every participants o Scenario/vignette studies  Scenario/vignette research  Implemented to address previous challenges  What would people do given a certain scenario? o Various circumstances  Research reveal that o Perceptions of likelihood of certainty more important than severity Rational Choice Theory  Adapted from economists  Emphasizes important factors of decision to engage or not engage in act  Incorporates: o Official deterrence – CJS o Unofficial deterrence – social influences (eg. Familial)  Findings: o Informal social controls are important  Feelings of shame and guilt = powerful deterrents  Women more likely influenced by informal social controls  Factors such as low self control influenc
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