Fact sheet for Fiction
Title-- Ponder the title before reading the poem
List words and Phrases-- List the important Nouns, Verbs, Phrases, and Clauses in separate columns.
Paraphrase-- Translate the poem into your own words
Connotation-- Contemplate the poem for meaning beyond the literal
Attitude--Observe both the speaker and the poet attitude (tone).
Shifts-- Note shifts in speaker and in attitudes
Title-- Examine the title again, this time on an interpretive level.
Theme --Determine what the poet is saying.
SPECIFIC SUMMARY ANALYSIS
Title: Ponder the title before reading the poem; predict what the poem may be "about."
Paraphrase: Translate the poem into your own words. Focus on one syntactical unit at a time, not
necessarily on one line at a time. Or write a sentence or two for each stanza of the poem.
Connotation: Contemplate the poem for meaning beyond the literal. What do the words mean beyond
the obvious? What are the implications, the hints, the suggestions of these particular word choices?
Devices: Examine any and all poetic devices, focusing on how such devices contribute to the meaning,
the effect, or both, of a poem. (What is important is not that you can identify poetic devices so much as
that you can explain how the devices enhance meaning and effect.) Especially note anything that is
repeated, either individual words or complete phrases. Anything said more than once may be crucial to
Attitude: Observe both the speaker's and the poet's attitude (tone). Diction, images, and details suggest
the speaker's attitude and contribute to understanding.
Shifts: Rarely does