Eng205 Lecture 4
January 18 , 2013
-vague opening sentences destroy your mark
Religion and Science
Simply part of their social culture that God exists; there was no questioning his existence.
Everyone believed that Jesus was both human and divine, and that he died to absolve human
Sermons were the bestsellers of the day—better than newspapers, novels, etc. Sermons were
always depended on by booksellers to sell
Religion was a natural part of everybody’s life; nearly 100% of Great Britain was religious of
some sort. A little percentage (tiny) of the population were Jewish.
Atheists were regarded as stupid or crazy, whereas almost no one was agnostic
For some, church was just something in their life, for others, church was part of their lives
Science didn’t really happen until late 19 century
18 century science felt that science created God (still a sort of form of worship)
Those who studied “new science” were not taken seriously, but they were not antagonized.
People thought that science was not the best way to worship God, but no one thought that it
would take over religion
Christianity was the basis of society but not a whole. Catholics had a bad reputation lots of
prejudice against them.
Most people liked to argue about religion unlike today where it is thought of as a delicate topic.
While it was appropriate dinner conversation, but you stillthad to be careful about what you
said or where you said it (not many people died in the 18 century due to their beliefs, but
people remembered those who had died in the past) because of who was in charge
The Church of England was created b/c Henry the 8 wanted a divorce but the religion did not
A lot of people died in the 16 century when attempts were made to change the churches
(Church of England, Protestants, etc) but Queen Elizabeth tried to change it to become more
protestant (?) but she did not like Catholics(?) killed Catholics (?)
Many people in the 1660s century came from various religious backgrounds, so people liked
talking about religion but had to be careful of where/what they said, as they remembered the
deaths of people from the 1660s
Content module “brief history of...” put together for a Chaucer class but could be supplemental
The main power of England, Scotland, and Ireland was England.
• Legal union between England and Scotland in which Scotland was mainly Presbyterian and
protestant (mainly Presbyterian)
• Ireland’s problem= upper classes were Anglican, lower classes were Catholic; English trying to
impose their rule on Ireland but they wasn’t happy that lower classes= catholic. Lower classes
not happy they were ruled by Anglican
• If you were living in England, the Church of England was the legal religion. Everyone had to go to an Anglican church every week or pay a fine. People who were not Anglican paid the fine
happily for not going to the Church
• Must be of the Church of England to go to university, military, teach, (couldn't go to university
if you were Baptist, must be CoE)
• If you were Catholic, must live outside of the city limits
• Alexander Pope was Catholic, so he had to live outside of the city. Could work/go into the city
but could not live in city
• In Canada until the last 50 years, if you were Jehovah's Witness, you must build churches
outside of city's limits (most Jehovah's Witnesses temples are at where the city limits used to
• Catholics must own property outside of the city, but Jews may have been allowed to live inside
the city because they weren’t French, “Catholicism and French were related.” France had tried
to invade England, so Catholics were also political threats.
• Many of the Jews were in the money loaning business. In Europe, Jews were associated with
money lending b/c their religion allowed money lending, whereas