Class Notes (942,878)
CA (551,517)
SFU (13,411)
ENGL (238)
ENGL 111W (12)
Lecture 2

ENGL 111W Lecture 2: Lecture 1 & 2 The Utopia Tradition Notes
Premium

3 Pages
12 Views

Department
English
Course Code
ENGL 111W
Professor
Stephen Collis

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Thursday, January 19, 2017
Week 2: ENGL112W The Utopian Tradition
Lecture #2 Notes
-Thomas More was a catholic, recurring theme of christianity and religion/spirituality.
WHERE DOES THE IDEA OF UTOPIA COME FROM?
-From the classical tradition to contemporary concerns
TO BE HUMANS IS TO BE UTOPIAN
-Lewis Mumford: “without the utopians of other times men wold still live in caves miserable and naked” - There something as
human beings where we always want something better. We start thinking of things to make things better around us and for us as
individuals
-Ruth Levitas: Utopias are “ sufficiently common for some commentators to speculate about the existence of a fundamental
utopian propensity in human beings” (The concept of Utopia 1) We are always thinking of making life better and easier and
increase out chances of survival - thinking toward our future, Our edge for survival was CONCEPTUAL THOUGHT
THE GREEK AND ROMAN PASTORAL TRADITION
- THE PASTORAL: (from the latin word “pastor” meaning shepherd) is a literary mode which idealizes rural life—life lived in close
proximity to harmony with nature
- THE PASTORAL: as a literary mode or motif using rural settings and people; often hearkens back to a lost connection both to
nature and to god/the gods which human social life and civilization—the development of cities, of trade, of the accumulation of
material wealth, and wars between peoples. e.g. Pastoral landscape painting: a beautiful countryside, there is always people in it and
there are animals present. Pastoral painting idealizes a land where humans do live and have economical activities such as farming
and is very diverse with animals and humans present ini the paintings.
HESOID’S WORK AND DAYS
-A greek poem written around 700 BCE—It is a sort of farmers almanac—a poem of agricultural instruction and advice for leading
the good life. rural life is not really idealized here, in this forerunner of pastoral poetry; it is simply assumed to be the norm.
THE POEM: HESOID ON THE “FIVE AGES OF MAN”
-He imagines a Golden Age as a time when “men lived like gods”, “untroubled by work and work” “all they did was take
pleasure in festivities” —we used to live in idealogical world, but now we live in a world of woe. We long for what we had in the
past.
-“The land.…/never ceased from producing harvest/ effortlessly without work. With plenty everywhere, / no envy was
provoked. All their/ tasks they performed voluntarily/leisure distributed equally among the noble citizenry.” It is a time of
plenty, the golden age; part of what utopia is about. What if we had more time for pleasurable things in life. Everyone is equal in
wealth and plentiful.
BUT NOW IN THE IRON AGE
-“Neither in daytime/nor nightmare/ does pain and distress cease” Human beings will keep on doing worse and worse things to
each other and each individual wont give up until they gain the upper hand. A world of no nobility or humility or empathy.
VIRGIL’S ECLOGUES:
- Pastoral poems written between 42 and 37 BCE, during a very turbulent time in Roman history—a time of civil war, th end of the
Roman Republic, and the birth of the Roman Empire
!1
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Thursday, January 19, 2017 Week 2: ENGL112W The Utopian Tradition Lecture 2 Notes Thomas More was a catholic, recurring theme of christianity and religionspirituality. WHERE DOES THE IDEAOF UTOPIACOME FROM? From the classical tradition to contemporary concerns TO BE HUMANS IS TO BE UTOPIAN Lewis Mumford: without the utopians of other times men wold still live in caves miserable and naked There something as human beings where we always want something better. We start thinking of things to make things better around us and for us as individuals Ruth Levitas: Utopias are sufciently common for some commentators to speculate about the existence of a fundamental utopian propensity in human beings (The concept of Utopia 1) We are always thinking of making life better and easier and increase out chances of survival thinking toward our future, Our edge for survival was CONCEPTUALTHOUGHT THE GREEKAND ROMAN PASTORALTRADITION THE PASTORAL: (from the latin word pastor meaning shepherd) is a literary mode which idealizes rural lifelife lived in close proximity to harmony with nature THE PASTORAL: as a literary mode or motif using rural settings and people; often hearkens back to a lost connection both to nature and to godthe gods which human social life and civilizationthe development of cities, of trade, of the accumulation of material wealth, and wars between peoples. e.g. Pastoral landscape painting: a beautiful countryside, there is always people in it and there are animals present. Pastoral painting idealizes a land where humans do live and have economical activities such as farming and is very diverse with animals and humans present ini the paintings. HESOIDS WORKAND DAYS Agreek poem written around 700 BCEIt is a sort of farmers almanaca poem of agricultural instruction and advice for leading the good life. rural life is not really idealized here, in this forerunner of pastoral poetry; it is simply assumed to be the norm. THE POEM: HESOID ON THE FIVEAGES OF MAN He imagines a GoldenAge as a time when men lived like gods, untroubled by work and work all they did was take pleasure in festivities we used to live in idealogical world, but now we live in a world of woe. We long for what we had in the past. The land.never ceased from producing harvest effortlessly without work. With plenty everywhere, no envy was provoked.All their tasks they performed voluntarilyleisure distributed equally among the noble citizenry. It is a time of plenty, the golden age; part of what utopia is about. What if we had more time for pleasurable things in life. Everyone is equal in wealth and plentiful. BUT NOW IN THE IRONAGE Neither in daytimenor nightmare does pain and distress cease Human beings will keep on doing worse and worse things to each other and each individual wont give up until they gain the upper hand.Aworld of no nobility or humility or empathy. VIRGILS ECLOGUES: Pastoral poems written between 42 and 37 BCE, during a very turbulent time in Roman historya time of civil war, th end of the Roman Republic, and the birth of the Roman Empire 1
More Less
Unlock Document


Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit