Forest historically, a defined area of land set aside in england as a royal hunting ground a dense growth of trees, plants, and underbrush covering a large area forest: 60 100% cover (most dense) . Global deforestation deforestation = complete clearing of tree formations" . Us) softwood: coniferous, pines, firs, needle leaves hardwood: deciduous, oak, maple, broad leaves . Canadian parks and wilderness society ~30 major pulp and paper mills (point source pollutants) Canada"s national forest strategy objectives and initiatives 1. Integrated land use planning: system of representative and connected protected areas; maintenance of. Net carbon sinks"; conservation of old growth forests 2. Sustainable forest communities: community sustainability: public participation in management and decision making; shared benefits; multiple forest benefits; building resilience 3. Aboriginal peoples rights and participation: recognition of historical and legal positions; recognition of holistic interpretations of earth and creator" 4. Urban forests urban forestry strategies: planning and growth of urban forests; promoting urban ecosystem approaches 7.