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Lecture 1

GEOG 162 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Staples Thesis, Kyoto Protocol, Regional Geography


Department
Geography
Course Code
GEOG 162
Professor
Michele Wiens
Lecture
1

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Canada’s Physical Geography
6 Geographic regions:
- The goal of regional geography is to find out what makes a region “tick”
- Associated with distinctive physical features, natural resources, and economic activities
- Reflect the political structure of Canada
- Facilitate the use of statistical data
- Are linked to regional identity
- Are associated with reoccurring regional complaints and disputes
- Reveal regional economic strengths and cultural presence
- These regions are:
o Atlantic Canada
Fisheries
o Quebec
Hydroelectric power
o Ontario
Automobile manufacturing
o Western Canada
Agriculture
o British Columbia
Forest industry
o Territorial North
Megaprojects
- Regions are distinguished by several features
o Geographic location
o Historical development
o Area
o Population
o Economic strength/ activity
Dynamic Nature of Regions
- Canadian regions are not static entities
- Confederation vs. 2011
o Ontario/Quebec had more than 75% of Canada’s population at confederation
dropped significantly by 2011
Sense of Place:
- Reflects a deeply felt attachment to a region or area by local residents who have bonded to their
environment and resulting institutions
- Recognizes that collective experiences have led to shared aspirations, concerns, goals, and values
Regional Self-Interest
- A logical outcome of regional identity and consciousness, often results in conflicts between the provincial and
federal government, and differing views of the “nation” in different regions of the country
Faultlines within Canada
- Economic, Social, and Political cracks that divide regions and people in Canada
o Threaten to destabilize Canada’s integrity as a nation
Centralist/Decentralist
Leans most heavily on Canada’s geography and political system
Federalprovincial feuds
Central Canada as representing the “national interest”
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