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GEOG 387 Marginalization

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GEOG 387
Christiana Miewald

GEOG 387 Lecture 13 November 29 2012 Marginalization Topics and Terms • the just and unjust city for lone mothers • housing and home-making in the DTES foodscape of the DTES • is sex work real work? • The (un)just city • SRO, supportive and social housing • spacialized agency • foodscape • Good Eats Project • Food mapping • sex work/sex workers • male sex worker • survival sex work gender and the “(un)just city” (Gurstein and Vilches) • the 'city is the physical manifestation of social relations (Lefebrve) • reflection of what goes on socially • Gender plays a role in the construction of urban life • the creation and maintenance of homes an neighbourhood generates places of urban life and spaces that are gendered • dialectical relationship between women and spaces; what the spaces look like/community • the 'just city' • has equity and material well-being • diversity, participation and sustainability • better quality of urban life • the unjust city • impediments (housing, food security, childcare, income issues) • full of risks to personal safety and family cohesion • women had their children taken away if deemed unfit • [The Just City Video] competitive for certain classes of people – exclusionary housing in the DTES • SRO hotels (can be privately or government owned) • a typical hotel room is approximately 108 square feet • No private kitchesn or bathrooms • poor sanitary conditions (bed bugs, vermin) • exposure to HIV, TB and HepC • Drug use in shared areas, deaths and intruders • usually people are excluded from having friends/family share the room • Supportive Housing • Rainer “hotel” Supportive Housing • combination of housing and help; temporary – detox; provided healthcare, medical care, social support • Social Housing • Woodwards Social Housing • support is not there to the same extent; low income; private bathroom/kitchen; more secure; more control over their lives; why do women make the DTES their home? • ex. DTES women's centre • Access to health and social services; • free meal programs, healthcare, drop-in centres, low income resources, • anonymity • Friendship, networks, social support • alternative families • refer to friends as part of their families • women come down from other parts of the Province through connections • access to drugs • affordable housing • generating an independent income (sex or drug work) agency, structure and survival • impoverished women are active agents • exercising choice and freedom within certain material constraints • spacialized agency • agency that happens within certain spaces • getting outside of the DTES can be difficult (lack transit, money) • agency is constrained by availability of resources • survival strategies co-generate the city and neighbourhoods • shape the space; what's available helps shape the space, along with other factors • How can poor women be “citizens of the city”? Food and gender in the DTES • SOLEfood farm; community garden sold at farmer's market; income generation foodscape “a foodscape [or local food landscape]... encompasses all food resources within a particular location (grocery stores, restaurants, food banks community gardens, dumpsters, etc.). These resources shape and are shaped by the ways in which people utilize them as well as the material conditions, knowledge and social norms that inhibit and encourage their access and use.” -- Miewald and McCann 2012 • preference, money, race can factor what types of food people eat food provisioning in the “unjust city” • “... food is an inelastic commodity and the women in the study did what they could in order to obtain it. As they did so, they created traces of their activities; they occupied and created the spaces of the city.” (Gurstein and Vilches, 482) • Survival strategies used by lone mothers • charitable food (food banks); soup kitchens • stealing and selling food • trading sex for food • housing situations can access how you access food foodscape of the DTES • over 50 free or low-cost meal providers but still high levels of food insecurity • bread and day-old Starbucks • fills the stomach, but not particularly healthy • The “Hastings shuffle” • goes to place to place from morning to night to different food providers to collect food • line ups • SROs = no/limited cooking facilities • Mental and physical illness (HIV/AIDS, addictions) • difficult to stay in line for long time • effort now in treatment centres to provide food • Positives: • Com
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