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HIST 101 (22)
Lecture 8

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Department
History
Course
HIST 101
Professor
Willeen Keough
Semester
Fall

Description
Immigration to the Maritimes (Not including NFL) after 1815 •push factors (reasons that push people out of their land) •economic recession •land clearances •landlord oppression •religious discrimination •exclusion from politics •pull factors (factors that pull people into settling into land) •socio-economic advancement •independence Immigrant Diversity •Scotland •economic, timber trade, shipbuilding, agriculture •Ireland •timer trade, agriculture •politics •religious tensions •Wales, Europe, Africa, Asia Commercial Economy, 1815-1860s •Boom in economy •staples trade •shipbuilding •carrying trade •coal-mining •manufacturing and food processing •first railway built •establishment of banks Domestic Economy •“Self-sufficient” families •farming, fishing, hunting •Barter, not cash •“truck system” •labour ? supplies, equipment •workers bound to merchants Social Relations •paternalism, patriarchy, deference •defence to social superiors •women, children subordinate •womens' informal power • Religion •Angelican, Catholic, Prebyterian •Evangelicalism •disliked hierarchical structures •schools, newspapers, charities, missions •religion bled into local politica •anglo-prot./irish-cath. Tensions Political Reform •competing ideologies: •conservatism •small elite hold power and property •Liberalism •power for all men of property •Egalitarianism •more inclusive democracy •socialism •end to private property •share means of production •increasing
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