Lecture 18 world war ii the road to war and the german phase 1942. This lecture looks at hitler"s war nazis and the fulfillment of racist war and the new nazi order. Three reasons for war: spread of authoritarianism throughout europe in the 1930"s. Due to depression anti communist/anti nationalists all rejected liberalism because it was not working. Small, loud fascist movements during and after except in britain. Generally little traction in countries with long histories of parliament like britain and scandinavia. The exception was france, where they were popular in 1934 but otherwise generally mild. Eastern europe also sees fascist movments due to re-drawing of national boundaries and economic depression: conscious undermining of versailles. Italy rejected the lon and violated peace agreements when they invaded ethiopia in 1935 mussolini conquered by poison gas and mass murder to impress other nations. Thus, italy broke with the west, who formerly thought they could work with him.