HIST 106 Lecture Notes - September Massacres, Thermidorian Reaction, Planned Economy

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The revolutionary decade: why did the revolution become radicalized in 1792, the new constitution created a left wing and right wing split, girondists: moderate liberals and pro-monarchists. Believed that the revolution had gone far enough (constitutional monarchy) and society should be normalized. Jacobins: left wing republicans who believed the revolution needed to continue. The revolution up to this point only created a new social class divide. Tuileries insurrection: marched on tuileries to and attacked swiss guards there and captured the king: the monarchy is declared dead in september 1792 when the national convention takes over and created the first french republic. Sans-cullotes still have great power and create the september massacres where they broke into several prisons and killed everyone there they assumed to be enemies of the revolution. (in many cases they were simply common criminals). Girondists want a popular referendum to decide what will happen to him, jacobins want him executed and execute girondists for treason.

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