Class Notes (838,797)
Canada (511,097)
History (261)
HIST 151 (36)
Paul Sedra (36)

[Script of Lec_4] The Nature of Colonial Rule.docx

10 Pages
Unlock Document

HIST 151
Paul Sedra

The Nature of Colonial Rule 5/15/2012 2:54:00 PM  Colonialism :-  when we say the word we get certain images in mind … o Officer sipping tea in a race aggregated club chatting about a hunting expedition o Officers violently butting down revolts against colonial roles.  We often think about the economic dimensions of colonialism. o The extraction of raw materials in India and Africa. o The vast market beyond Britain and it friend shores.  The conquest of things was a part of the story of colonialism. o We interpret this as greed.  Colonialism is not just about greed or conquest things … o A longing to conquer people.  The native. How are people conquered? How they are enslaved? How does colonial work?  British and French administration.  British and French science.  British and French agriculture.  British and French planning in every spear. What does these things have to do with colonialism ?  These things introduction to the middle east by the Europeans was an integral part of a cultural and intellectual conquest of the region. o That for Perk is an important part of colonialism.  Colonialism is about reordering middle eastern society.  Through European administration, science, agriculture, and planning, colonial rollers will seek to info-trade middle eastern society.  Occupying them, not simply in a military or political sense, but in a cultural sense in an intellectual sense as well.  Modern western method of organizing society would supersede local methods. Why ?  According to the British and French colonial rollers “western methods were better”.  Very prominent colonial administrator in Egypt called lord Cromer … o The method of government practice by England  Though sometimes open to legitimate criticism o Our superior morely and economically to those of any foreign nation. So, what is he saying here ?  He is saying that England is a part of a modern world.  It is much further advanced along the path of progress than the nation of the east. o Of which Egypt was one.  He is arguing that one of the principle aims of the colonial enterprise is to teach eastern people, in this case the Egyptians, o how to become modern. o How to join this western marched toward progress.  So, in this sense colonialism was about … o Remaking the east. o Remaking Egypt. o Remaking this region. In the image of the west o With western hospitals. o Western schools. o Western farms. o Western bureaucracy.  This culture dimensions of colonialism very often allude historians. o Historian often don’t pay much attention to it.  For them, much more important are …  diplomatic concerns.  Political concerns.  Conjunctures that brought about colonialism  Like in Egypt.  It is equally important, if not more important, to focus on this dimensions of colonialism o Intellectual and cultural dimensions of colonialism. Back 1860s  To trace exactly how the occupation of Egypt become, not only possible, but in fact arguably necessary for the British.  Mohammed Ali Successors … o Saied basha o Ismael Basha  They were members of that dinesty that Mehmed Ali established in Egypt. o In this sense, Mohammed Ali was quit successful in his aim of securing Egypt for his progeny and later generations of his family.  Those two successors a mass vast public debt during their roll in Egypt. o How does that happen ?  It happen, in part, as a result of circumstances foreign to Egypt.  The American civil war happen which affected the cotton trades.  Prices go up because there is a very significant interruption in the production in cotton.  As a result, Egypt become much more important in the cotton trade.  Egypt become absolutely integral to British interest in particular. o Because Britain needed cotton for a particular pace in Britain called Lancaster.  They need raw materials, cotton above all.  Egypt becomes a place were fortune can be made. o By European entrepreneurs. o By Egyptians themselves.  So, European rush to Egypt to take advantage of this boom.  One of the things that they wanted to dual out in Egypt was cash.  They wanted to lend money
More Less

Related notes for HIST 151

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.