HIST 151 Lecture Notes - American Civil War

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19 Nov 2012
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The Nature of Colonial Rule 5/15/2012 2:54:00 PM
Colonialism :-
when we say the word we get certain images in mind …
o Officer sipping tea in a race aggregated club chatting about a
hunting expedition
o Officers violently butting down revolts against colonial roles.
We often think about the economic dimensions of colonialism.
o The extraction of raw materials in India and Africa.
o The vast market beyond Britain and it friend shores.
The conquest of things was a part of the story of colonialism.
o We interpret this as greed.
Colonialism is not just about greed or conquest things …
o A longing to conquer people.
The native.
How are people conquered? How they are enslaved? How does colonial
work?
British and French administration.
British and French science.
British and French agriculture.
British and French planning in every spear.
What does these things have to do with colonialism ?
These things introduction to the middle east by the Europeans was
an integral part of a cultural and intellectual conquest of the region.
o That for Perk is an important part of colonialism.
Colonialism is about reordering middle eastern society.
Through European administration, science, agriculture, and
planning, colonial rollers will seek to info-trade middle eastern
society.
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Occupying them, not simply in a military or political sense, but in a
cultural sense in an intellectual sense as well.
Modern western method of organizing society would supersede local
methods.
Why ?
According to the British and French colonial rollers “western
methods were better”.
Very prominent colonial administrator in Egypt called lord Cromer …
o The method of government practice by England
Though sometimes open to legitimate criticism
o Our superior morely and economically to those of any foreign
nation.
So, what is he saying here ?
He is saying that England is a part of a modern world.
It is much further advanced along the path of progress than the
nation of the east.
o Of which Egypt was one.
He is arguing that one of the principle aims of the colonial
enterprise is to teach eastern people, in this case the Egyptians,
o how to become modern.
o How to join this western marched toward progress.
So, in this sense colonialism was about …
o Remaking the east.
o Remaking Egypt.
o Remaking this region.
In the image of the west
o With western hospitals.
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o Western schools.
o Western farms.
o Western bureaucracy.
This culture dimensions of colonialism very often allude historians.
o Historian often don’t pay much attention to it.
For them, much more important are …
diplomatic concerns.
Political concerns.
Conjunctures that brought about colonialism
Like in Egypt.
It is equally important, if not more important, to focus on this
dimensions of colonialism
o Intellectual and cultural dimensions of colonialism.
Back 1860s
To trace exactly how the occupation of Egypt become, not only
possible, but in fact arguably necessary for the British.
Mohammed Ali Successors …
o Saied basha
o Ismael Basha
They were members of that dinesty that Mehmed Ali established in
Egypt.
o In this sense, Mohammed Ali was quit successful in his aim of
securing Egypt for his progeny and later generations of his
family.
Those two successors a mass vast public debt during their roll in
Egypt.
o How does that happen ?
It happen, in part, as a result of circumstances foreign
to Egypt.
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