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[Script of Lec_4] The Nature of Colonial Rule.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIST 151
Professor
Paul Sedra
Semester
Summer

Description
The Nature of Colonial Rule 5/15/2012 2:54:00 PM  Colonialism :-  when we say the word we get certain images in mind … o Officer sipping tea in a race aggregated club chatting about a hunting expedition o Officers violently butting down revolts against colonial roles.  We often think about the economic dimensions of colonialism. o The extraction of raw materials in India and Africa. o The vast market beyond Britain and it friend shores.  The conquest of things was a part of the story of colonialism. o We interpret this as greed.  Colonialism is not just about greed or conquest things … o A longing to conquer people.  The native. How are people conquered? How they are enslaved? How does colonial work?  British and French administration.  British and French science.  British and French agriculture.  British and French planning in every spear. What does these things have to do with colonialism ?  These things introduction to the middle east by the Europeans was an integral part of a cultural and intellectual conquest of the region. o That for Perk is an important part of colonialism.  Colonialism is about reordering middle eastern society.  Through European administration, science, agriculture, and planning, colonial rollers will seek to info-trade middle eastern society.  Occupying them, not simply in a military or political sense, but in a cultural sense in an intellectual sense as well.  Modern western method of organizing society would supersede local methods. Why ?  According to the British and French colonial rollers “western methods were better”.  Very prominent colonial administrator in Egypt called lord Cromer … o The method of government practice by England  Though sometimes open to legitimate criticism o Our superior morely and economically to those of any foreign nation. So, what is he saying here ?  He is saying that England is a part of a modern world.  It is much further advanced along the path of progress than the nation of the east. o Of which Egypt was one.  He is arguing that one of the principle aims of the colonial enterprise is to teach eastern people, in this case the Egyptians, o how to become modern. o How to join this western marched toward progress.  So, in this sense colonialism was about … o Remaking the east. o Remaking Egypt. o Remaking this region. In the image of the west o With western hospitals. o Western schools. o Western farms. o Western bureaucracy.  This culture dimensions of colonialism very often allude historians. o Historian often don’t pay much attention to it.  For them, much more important are …  diplomatic concerns.  Political concerns.  Conjunctures that brought about colonialism  Like in Egypt.  It is equally important, if not more important, to focus on this dimensions of colonialism o Intellectual and cultural dimensions of colonialism. Back 1860s  To trace exactly how the occupation of Egypt become, not only possible, but in fact arguably necessary for the British.  Mohammed Ali Successors … o Saied basha o Ismael Basha  They were members of that dinesty that Mehmed Ali established in Egypt. o In this sense, Mohammed Ali was quit successful in his aim of securing Egypt for his progeny and later generations of his family.  Those two successors a mass vast public debt during their roll in Egypt. o How does that happen ?  It happen, in part, as a result of circumstances foreign to Egypt.  The American civil war happen which affected the cotton trades.  Prices go up because there is a very significant interruption in the production in cotton.  As a result, Egypt become much more important in the cotton trade.  Egypt become absolutely integral to British interest in particular. o Because Britain needed cotton for a particular pace in Britain called Lancaster.  They need raw materials, cotton above all.  Egypt becomes a place were fortune can be made. o By European entrepreneurs. o By Egyptians themselves.  So, European rush to Egypt to take advantage of this boom.  One of the things that they wanted to dual out in Egypt was cash.  They wanted to lend money
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