Lecture #4: Pre Islamic Arabia

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Terms: jazikat al-arab, ahiliyah, badw, majlis, ghaw, muruwah, ka"bah. Arab conquer two empires: jazikat al- arab ( the arab island ) Located in the arab peninsula because that is where islam originates. Surrounded by red sea, arabian sea, and the gulf. No hydraulic civilization based on irrigation but they have oasis (man made wells+ springs: geography and constraints. Our term: pre islamic arab: nomads. Badw (dessert nomad: camel nomads of the dessert, arab (sometimes called); further you travel into civilization they loose their arabness. Importance of camel: economic: single hump; introduced from central asia 1100 bc; need for travel across dessert, long trips, civilization: horses are important; horses used for raids+ battle; genealogy of horse important, tribalism. Definition: concept: everybody belong to everyone. Only can live in arabian peninsula if you belong to a tribe: solidarity concept. Now a standard word for parliament (now: political organizations. Spokesperson (shaykh: inter-tribal relationship, hospitality, pursue battle/vengeance, extra money (20%)

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