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Lecture 7

HSCI 120 Lecture 7: Chapter 11-13

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Health Sciences
HSCI 120
Lauren Currie

Thursday, March 9, 2017 HSCI 120 - Lecture Notes Sexual Orientation, Attraction, & Communication Chapter 11 - Sexual Orientation/Affection
 - Affectional orientation over sexual orientation because the latter is though too overemphasis the sexual component of a relationship - Affectional orientation has many aspects including sexual attraction, sexual fantasies, and sexual preference - Labels are social constructions that include information about sexual preference AND certain self-perceptions and worldview - Labels may change - Asexuality - may fall in love romantically with another person without feeling sexual desire for them - Heterosexism - minimizes LGBTTIQQ people and assumes heterosexuality is the gold standard of “normal” behaviour - Homophobia - even more pronounced degree of heterosexism, may cause acts of violence and hatred come from this and similar phobias - Internalized homophobia - may cause gay/lesbian people to hate themselves - Harassment of LGBTW youth → - 28% of Canadian youth report witnessing harassment of sexual minority youth - 2/3 of Canadian LGBTQ youth feel unsafe at school - 41% had been sexually harassed - More likely to be physically assaulted by both family members and others - Conversion therapy - religiously motivated reparative therapy; highly contested (no proven method to change someone’s sexual orientation) - Hypothalamus is smaller and corpus collosum is bigger in gay men - Psychosocial explanations: - Most gay/lesbian individualizes raised by heterosexual parents, most children of same- sex parents are heterosexual - No evidence that trauma (i.e. sexual abuse) affects sexual orientation - Affectional orientation seems more fluid for women - Cass’ six stages of gay/lesbian development: 1. Identity confusion 2. Comparison 3. Tolerance 4. Acceptance 5. Pride 6. Synthesis Thursday, March 9, 2017 - Ecological theory based on how people interact with their environment → recognizes that identity formation and disclosure will differ between people that have different social/religious/ environmental influences - Research suggests lesbian couples report greater relationship satisfaction than either gay or heterosexual co
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