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Lecture

HSCI 120 Lecture Notes - Kinsey Scale, Sigmund Freud, Libido


Department
Health Sciences
Course Code
HSCI 120
Professor
Carolyn Stewart

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HSCI 120
Lecture 1
September 8, 2010
Chapters 1, 2
Sexual Behaviour
Types of Media
Influence
Cross-Culture
Perspectives
Sexual Health
Sexual Rights
Behaviour that produces arousal and increases the chance of orgasm
Cultivation: Idea that what is see in the mass media represents what is really happening
Agenda-Setting: Idea that media define what is important and what is not by which stories they
cover
Social Learning: Idea that media provide role models which we imitate
Culture: Traditional ideas and values passed down from generation to generation by symbols (such
as language)
Ethnocentrism: To regard one’s own ethnic group and culture as superior as other races and judge
based on own group
Incest: Universal taboo where there is intercourse between blood relatives
Sex does not have to be used solely for intimacy, could be for peacemaking, economic, expression of
aggression, sense of power
A state of physical, emotional, mental and social wellbeing related to sexuality
Basic, inalienable rights of sexuality; Right to reproductive self-determination, sexual self-expression
and freedom from sexual abuse and violence
Evolutionary
Perspectives
Psychological
Theories
Sociobiology: Application of evolutionary biology to understanding the social behaviour of animals
Evolution: A theory that all living things have acquired their present forms through gradual changes
over successful generations
Natural Selection: Those who survive are better adapted to their environment and pass their genes
Sexual Selection: Mate selection that results from differences in traits for mates
depends on 1. Competition amongst other members 2. Preferential choices by other members
Evolutionary Psychology: Study of psychological mechanisms that have been shaped by natural
selection
Kinsey Scale: 0 6, 0 being heterosexual and 6 being homosexual
Libido: Sex drive
Psychoanalytic Theory: Theory by Sigmund Freud which assumes that part of the human
personality is unconscious 3 parts: Id, Ego and Superego
Id: Psychic energy, part of personality and present at birth, operates on pleasure principle
Ego: Reality personality, functions for rational and realistic interactions, keeps Id in line
Superego: Conscious personality, inhibit the Id and make Ego have moral goals
Erogenous Zones: Parts of the body sexually sensitive to touch Children develop through 1. Oral
stage 2. Anal stage 3. Phallic stage
Oedipus Complex: Sexual attraction of a little boy for his mother, hates father at first, but later on
feels castration anxiety and identifies with father resolves the Oedipus complex
Female Oedipus Complex or Electra Complex: Sexual attraction of a little girl for her father,
suffers from penis envy which later she focuses on developing vagina for a baby females not as
developed as male because they cannot resolve their Oedipus complex as males can
Classical Conditioning: Learning process where a conditioned stimulus is paired with an
unconditioned stimulus to evoke an unconditioned response (refer page 33)
Operant Conditioning: Learning process where an action is then followed by a reward or
punishment
Behaviour Modification: Operant conditioning techniques used to modify human behaviour
Self-Efficacy: Sense of competence at performing an activity
Social Exchange Theory: Theory where people will choose actions that maximize rewards and
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