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HSCI 120 Lecture Notes - Gender Dysphoria, Casual Sex, Slut

Health Sciences
Course Code
HSCI 120
Carolyn Stewart

of 4
HSCI 120
Lecture 3
September 22, 2010
Chapters 13, 14
What is your Sex
Gender Role and
Differences in
Differences in
Why the
Beyond Young
Your Sex: What is between your legs
Sexuality: Male attracted to Male, Male to Females and Females to Females
Gender: What you feel your sex is in your head
Gender Role: A set of norms which define how people of one gender should behave
Stereotype: A set of beliefs about a group of people is applied to all members of that group
Gender Schema: A set of ideas we associate with males and females
Socialization: The ways in which society conveys to the individual its norms or expectations for his
or her behaviour
Gender socialization is usually from parents, peers and the media
Acculturaltion: The process of adapting the beliefs and customs of a new culture
Men are less able to disclose personal information
Women are more likely to express themselves and emotions and are better at reading body language
Men more likely to masturbate than women
Men more accepting of casual sex than women
Women, apparently, do not actually have sex for emotional purposes
Men and women share mostly same goals for sex
Found that men and women prefer erotic things over romantic things
Men are more consistent at having orgasms than women
Men have higher sex drives than women
Men might be boasting
Women do not want to sound like a slut
Sometimes arousal is undetected, because it is hard to tell for women
Cultural factors: More partners make men have a higher status symbol, while it makes women sluts
Gender roles in society shape what we think is the norm
Men: High sex drive younger and decreases as he becomes older (sex older focuses more on
emotional aspects)
Women: Lower sex driver younger and increases and peaks at about 40
Person-Centered Sex: Sexual expression where the emphasis is on the relationship and emotions
between the two people
Body-Centered Sex: Sexual expression where the emphasis is on the body and physical pleasure
Gender Dysphoria: Unhappiness with one’s gender
Transgender: Term to all people who cross the lines of their gender
Two-Spirit Person: Term by aboriginal people to describe those who have an alternative gender
and sex expression
Intersex Person: Person born with mixed indicators of biological sex
Cross-Dress: Dressing in the stereotyped clothing of the other gender
Transsexual: Person whose physical sex does not match their identity
Gender Bender, Gender Free
Males-To-Female Transsexual (MtF) or Transwoman: A person born with a male body but has a
female identity and wishes to undergo gender reassignment
Female-To-Male Transsexual (FtM) or Transman: A person born with a female body whose
gender identity is male and who wishes to undergo gender reassignment
Gynephilic: When the transsexual is attracted to men
Androphilic: When the transsexual is attracted to women
Gender Reassignment: The surgery done on transsexuals to change their anatomy to match their
gender identity
Through counseling and psychological evaluation, need to establish that the person is a true
transsexual, as some people mistakenly do the transformation for the wrong reasons
Step 1: Real Life Experience for 1-2 years as the other gender
Step 2: Hormone injections
Step 3: Surgery
Gender Identity Disorder: A strong and persistent cross-gender identification
Buccal Smear: A test of genetic sex, where a small scraping of cells is taken from inside the mouth
Gender Binary
Gender Binary: The classification of sex and gender into two distinct and disconnected forms of
masculine and feminine
o All traits locked together
o You must be one or the other, nether the both
o Males end to have more privileges
o You cannot choose
o Males (penis) Man Masculine Attracted to Women
o Female (no penis) Woman Feminine Attracted to Men
Cisgender: One who feels that they are what gender they are born into and will not change
Intersex: Born with both parts
Genderqueer: One who is confused on his own gender
Sexual Identity
Experiences of
LGB Individuals
Sexual Identity: One’s self-identity as homo, hetero or bi
Sexual Orientation: A person’s erotic and emotional attraction toward members of society
o Homosexual: When a person is sexually orientated towards members of own gender
Lesbian and Gay
o Heterosexual: When a person is sexually orientated towards members of other gender
o Bisexual: When a person is sexually orientated towards both men and women
Homophobic: Fear of homosexuals, negative attitude and reactions towards homosexuals
Homonegativity: Negative attitude and behaviours towards gays and lesbians
Heterosexism: The belief that everybody is heterosexual and is the only way to be
Covert: One who keeps their sexual orientation a secret
Overt: One who is open about their sexual orientation
Coming Out: Process of acknowledging to self and others that one is gay or lesbian
1: Identity Confusion: Starts as hetero, then confused about sexual behaviours and attraction
2: Identity Comparison: Person thinks “I may be homo”, and feels alienated because identity of
heterosexuality is gone
3: Identity Tolerance: Person thinks “I probably am homo”, goes to contact gay culture for
4: Identity Acceptance: Person thinks and accepts “I am homo”
5: Identity Pride: Person classifies world into gays and lesbians and heterosexuals (thinks heteros
HSCI 120
Lecture 3
September 22, 2010
Chapters 13, 14
Homo and
LGB Committees
Children in Gay
LGB Sexual
Orientation and
Sexual Health
are bad people)
6: Identity Synthesis: Person no longer feels us verses them view, recognizing that there ar good
heterosexuals as well
Typology: Heterosexual or Homosexual
Kinsey’s Continuum:
Two-Dimensional Scheme:
Upside-down pink triangle and rainbow is the symbol for gay men
A pink-purple-blue striped flag is the symbol for bisexuals
Gay Bar: Gay-friendly bar or club frequented by gays and lesbians
Gay Baths: Clubs where gay men can socialize, features a swimming or whirlpool and access to
casual sex
No difference in how a child develops (gender identity, sexual orientation, psychologically)
Medical Model: A theoretical model in psychology where mental problems are thought of as
sicknesses; the problems are thought of as due to biological factors
However, evidence does say that this theory is incorrect