HSCI 130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Beck, Edward Jenner, Public Health
Public health- to promote health & quality of life by preventing & controlling disease, injury. Care shelter food water air. Naturalistic concept (disease caused by imbalance b/w man & environment) Father of western medicine o: casual relationships. Disease & climate, water, lifestyle, nutrition: coined term epidemic. Shift away from greek/roman values: physical body less important than spiritual self, decline of hygiene & sanitation. Killed 90% of indigenous people in new world. William harvey: 1628 theories of circulation. Edward jenner: 1796 cowpox experiment, coined term vaccine (vacca latin cow ) Dr. john snow: water pumps in london associated with cholera spread; using gis to determine outbreak patterns. Louis pasteur: germs caused disease o, pasteurization to kill bacteria. Identiied vibrio that caused cholera o: discovered tuberculosis bacterium. Lifespan of can has increased by more than 30 years since the 1900s. 25 of those years are attributable to advanced in pubic health. Decline of deaths from coronary heart disease & stroke.