HSCI 305 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Canada Health Act, Community Design, Circulatory System

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HSCI 305
DAY 10
November 16, 2017
Beyond Health Care
Guest Lecturers
Assignment 5
- Audience
o
- Policy options
o Can say “Do nothing”
o No citations needed because the info was provided in Assignment 4
o Do not need to mention the Canada Health Act
The role of local governments in health: why, how, what, where
Game plan
The role of local governments in health
- Why it matters
- How it has evolved
- What it looks like
- Where its going
Mudslide in Cali
- Were trapped and had to walk to get everything
- Residents got healthier from all the walking and hiking
o Lost weight
o Improved their cardiovascular system
o Slept better
- Another individual
o He’s overweight
o Smokes cigs
o Paid a guy 50$ to get his cat from the vet
Big Idea 1
- Our postal code is a powerful predictor of our health
Community design
- Influences how we move, feel, and interact in everyday life
Facts
- Every year, 5 million people die from causes associated with one of the most mundance
scourages of the modern era: sitting around
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- By 2030, an estimated 60% of the world’s population will live in cities
- In the last decade, health care costs in NC have doubled to consume over 40% of the
provincial budget
- The root cause of food insecurity isn’t price or proximity to supermarkets - its poverty
Big Idea 2
- The need to reimagine our urban environments into places that are healthier and happier
for all is an urgent challenge and opportunity
The changing role of local governments in BC health systems
- 1872: the BC Municipality Act formalizes a role for local governments in health
- Early 1900s: Responsibility for clean water, sanitation, waste, parks, recreation
- 1950s: National and provincial roles increase; legislated role of local governments
dissolve
- 1980s: Healthy Communities movement
- 1990s+: Systems of local health boards and community councils; responsibility
eventually transferred to health authorities
Local governments play a vital role in healthy communities through:
1. Planning
2. Programs
3. Policies
4. Partnerships
Community characteristics that can have a positive impact on health and well-bring
include:
- Safe pedestrian and cycling facilities
- Neighbourhood walkability
- Easy access to public transit
- Clean air and water
- Access to healthy foods
- Public spaces for social interaction and inclusion
- Noise abatement
- Access to public infrastructure and facilities
- Access to affordable and safe housing
Local government role in programming:
- Policy support for making recreation programs accessible for all citizens
- Awareness and marketing that promotes the benefits of physical activity
- Joint-use agreements with school districts to maximize the use of both local government
and school district recreation facilities and programs
- Partnerships with the BC Recreation and Parks Association to promote the benefits of
physical activity
- Support for local events that promote being active
- Policies and facilities that encourage local government employees to be active
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