IS 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Comparative Politics, Human Development Index, Gender Development Index

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Wednesday, January 9, 2019
IS Week 1
Day one!
-Comparative politics: sub-field of Poly-Sci, comparison of politics and political
processes across countries !
Rooted in Poly-Sci and studied in IS from an interdisciplinary perspective !
-Politics: the process by which human communities make collective decisions to
manage, share, and expand resources !
States, Int. Orgs, corps, civil societies, villages, families !
Resources: shelter, food, economic (money, land, means of production),
education/privilege (how they relate to power and hierarchy)!
-Why compare?!
International relations, lessons/examples, power dynamics in the world system,
understanding diversity !
To understand how politics operates on the world scale !
To understand where military coups have occurred before (Turkey, Gaboon)!
To draw sessions from one place to be applied to other places sharing/suering
from similar problems !
-Neoliberal capitalism (Yellow Vests, Occupy)!
-Four major area of Comparative Politics:!
Political Regimes !
-Mainstream Poly-Sci approach !
-Institutional setting/ context of politics!
Political Economy !
-Economic context !
-Poly-Sci and Econ!
Society!
-Social context!
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Wednesday, January 9, 2019
-Poly, sociology, …!
Globalization!
-!
-!
-Political regimes!
Sets of rules procedures and institutions that regulate political decision-making!
State: sovereignty, monopoly of legitimate violence, population, borders, !
State is a legal and physical entity that:!
-Operates within a fixed territory (with authority to impose laws within these
boundaries)!
-Is administered by a system of government !
-Is perceived as legitimate by citizens !
-Regime types and indicators !
Forms of government !
-Liberal, semi-democratic, illiberal !
-Illiberal !
Lack of liberal democracy !
Authoritarianism !
Examples: fashism, absolute monarchy, communism, military dictatorships,
anarchy, personal dictatorships, one-party rule !
-Semi-democracy !
Certain freedoms, restricted or lacking !
The mere existence of elections is sucient for semi democratic designation !
-Liberal!
Free and fair elections !
Freedom to vote, run; multi-party democracy !
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Document Summary

Comparative politics: sub- eld of poly-sci, comparison of politics and political processes across countries: rooted in poly-sci and studied in is from an interdisciplinary perspective. Politics: the process by which human communities make collective decisions to manage, share, and expand resources: states, int. Orgs, corps, civil societies, villages, families: resources: shelter, food, economic (money, land, means of production), education/privilege (how they relate to power and hierarchy) Four major area of comparative politics: political regimes. Institutional setting/ context of politics: political economy. Political regimes: sets of rules procedures and institutions that regulate political decision-making, state: sovereignty, monopoly of legitimate violence, population, borders, state is a legal and physical entity that: Operates within a xed territory (with authority to impose laws within these boundaries) Is administered by a system of government. Regime types and indicators: forms of government. Illiberal: lack of liberal democracy, authoritarianism, examples: fashism, absolute monarchy, communism, military dictatorships, anarchy, personal dictatorships, one-party rule.

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