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ling100

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Department
Linguistics
Course
LING 100
Professor
Derek Bingham
Semester
Fall

Description
LING 100 (Summer 2012) LECTURE NOTES (Week 1) INTRODUCTION. FUNCTIONS OF THE LANGUAGE UNIVERSAL FEATURES OF LANGUAGES 1. LANGUAGES OF THE WORLD: 6880 LANGUAGES 73,7% OF THE WORLD POPULATION SPEAKS ONE OF FORTY MOST COMMON LANGUAGES AS THEIR MOTHER TONGUE. THE REST (26,3%) - SPEAKS ONE OF SIXTY EIGHT HUNDRED FORTY LANGUAGES AS THEIR MOTHER TONGUE Languages Population (%) 1. CHINESE 14,62 % 2. ENGLISH 8,06 % 3. SPANISH 5,32 % 4. HINDI 3,64 % 5. ARABIC 3,13 % 6. RUSSIAN 3.10 % 7. PORTUGUESE 3,08 % 8. BENGALI 3,04 % 9. JAPANESE 2,34 % 10.FRENCH 2,18 % 11.GERMAN 2,00 % 11 LANGUAGES 50,51 % The source of information: The report of Dr. C.Lehmann (Germany) “Documentation of Endangered Languages - a Priority Task for Linguistics” made at the International 2 Conference “Linguistics by the End of the XXth Century: Achievements and Perspectives” / International Conference Abstracts. Vol.II. Moscow: Moscow State University, 1995, p. 306-307. • 90% of the approximately 250 indigenous Aboriginal languages spoken before 1800 are already dead and heading for death in Australia. • 80% of the estimated 187 Native North American languages are extinct or destined to extinction in the USA and Canada. • Every two weeks, s
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