Dualism: The mind and body are separate.
Monism: The mind and body are one.
Idealism: Everything is mental.
Behaviourism: All behaviours are learnt through conditioning.
Type identity theory:
Epiphenomenalism: Mental events are caused by physical.
Parallelism: Destined by God.
Functionalism: Behaviour is accounted by the physical.
Functionalism is neutral with respect to dualism and monism.
As long as the role is filled, that’s what counts.
But they are not type-identity theorists.
The functionalist idea is that two physically different tokens can be of
the same functional type. Ex: modern can opener to antique can
You can be a physicalist about can openers without being an identity