PHIL – Values & Contemporary Issues 1
2500 years ago Greece started philosophy, then Romans
o In Latin
Philos (looking) + Sophia (wisdom) = philosophy
Socrates (street philosophy) taught Plato (western philosophy)
Types of Philosophy:
Metaphysics – “after the physical”
o Ultimate nature?
o What is something?
Epistemology – study of knowledge
o How do we know for certain?
o Rene Descartes are we really dreaming?
Critical thinking – analyzing
Mind – brain vs. soul
Politics – best state?