October 10 , 2012 – Tolstoy and Faith 1
Objectivist (Tolstoy) Subjectivist (Sartre) Transcendentalist (Tolstoy)
Certain objective values All values are completely Divine being determines
that must be present in subjective what makes a life
one’s life in order for it to worthwhile
They’re up to us to
be worthwhile determine what is Faith is what makes life
Analogy – ingredients of a worthwhile for us worthwhile for Tolstoy
cake Personal preference
He was adamant about helping people until he “changed”
He felt dejected, trapped, he was in a spiritual/cognitive depression
He thought “What is the point? Why”
The foundation of his life fell away, life became meaningless
Page 80 – he stated that we are mortal so we will die and end up as “stench and worms”
What is the ultimate meaning of life? Time destroys everything.
He went around asking people (with knowledge) about life’s meanings.
Page 81, he was looking for a rational answer to the meaning of life
Why do people choose to live if we cannot find a meaning for life?
He concluded that the answer was not in the realm of rational knowledge
People had irrational knowledge that gave them answers
This is known asfaith(in divine)
It is NOT rationalRANSCENDENTALISM
What is Faith?
Kierkegaard: The point in faith is that it does not make sense
“Take a leap of faith” (i.e., with love)
You are truly faithful if you hold the belief even if all evidence counts against it.
“Life is absurd”, “life has no meaning”
The myth of Sisyphus – Gods punish Sisyphus because he overstepped his boundaries. He is forced to roll
a boulder up a hill, then it rolls back down, then he ha